Antibacterial efficacy of core-shell nanostructures encapsulating gentamicin against an in vivo intracellular Salmonella model
Seleem, Mohammed N.
Tyler, Ronald D.
Riffle, Judy S.
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Pluronic based core-shell nanostructures encapsulating gentamicin were designed in this study. Block copolymers of (PAA(+/-)Na-b-(PEO-b-PPO-b-PEO)-b-PAA(+/-)Na) were blended with PAA(-) Na(+) and complexed with the polycationic antibiotic gentamicin to form nanostructures. Synthesized nanostructures had a hydrodynamic diameter of 210 nm, zeta potentials of -0.7 (+/-0.2), and incorporated approximately 20% by weight of gentamicin. Nanostructures upon co-incubation with J774A.1 macrophage cells showed no adverse toxicity in vitro. Nanostructures administered in vivo either at multiple dosage of 5 microg g(-1) or single dosage of 15 microg g(-1) in AJ-646 mice infected with Salmonella resulted in significant reduction of viable bacteria in the liver and spleen. Histopathological evaluation for concentration-dependent toxicity at a dosage of 15 microg g(-1) revealed mineralized deposits in 50% kidney tissues of free gentamicin-treated mice which in contrast was absent in nanostructure-treated mice. Thus, encapsulation of gentamicin in nanostructures may reduce toxicity and improve in vivo bacterial clearance.
- All Faculty Deposits 
- Scholarly Works, Department of Biomedical Sciences and Pathobiology 
- Scholarly Works, Department of Large Animal Clinical Sciences 
- Scholarly Works, Institute for Critical Technology and Applied Science (ICTAS) 
- Scholarly Works, Macromolecules Innovation Institute (MII)