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dc.contributor.authorCalder, Ryan
dc.contributor.authorBromage, Sabri
dc.contributor.authorSunderland, Elsie M.
dc.date.accessioned2020-10-13T22:06:50Z
dc.date.available2020-10-13T22:06:50Z
dc.date.issued2019-01-01
dc.identifier.issn0013-9351
dc.identifier.otherS0013-9351(18)30491-2 (PII)
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/100479
dc.description.abstractThe traditional Inuit diet includes wild birds, fish and marine mammals, which can contain high concentrations of the neurotoxicant methylmercury (MeHg). Hydroelectric development may increase MeHg concentrations in traditional foods. Consumption advisories are often used to mitigate such risks and can result in reduced intake of traditional foods. Data from a dietary survey, MeHg exposure assessment and risk analysis for individuals in three Inuit communities in Labrador, Canada (n = 1145) in 2014 indicate reducing traditional food intake is likely to exacerbate deficiencies in n-3 polyunsaturated fatty acids and vitamins B12 and B2. Traditional foods accounted for < 5% of per-capita calories but up to 70% of nutrients consumed. Although consumption advisories could lower neurodevelopmental risks associated with an increase in MeHg exposure (90th-percentile ∆IQ = − 0.12 vs. − 0.34), they may lead to greater risks of cardiovascular mortality (90th-percentile increase: + 58% to + 116% vs. + 25%) and cancer mortality (90th-percentile increase + 2% to + 4% vs. no increase). Conversely, greater consumption of locally caught salmon mostly unaffected by hydroelectric flooding would lower all these risks (90th-percentile ∆IQ = + 0.4; cardiovascular risk: − 45%; cancer risk: − 1.4%). We thus conclude that continued consumption of traditional foods is essential for Inuit health in these communities.en
dc.format.extentPages 496-506
dc.format.extent11 page(s)
dc.format.mediumPrint-Electronic
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen
dc.languageEnglish
dc.publisherElsevier
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
dc.rights.urihttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/
dc.subjectLife Sciences & Biomedicine
dc.subjectEnvironmental Sciences
dc.subjectPublic, Environmental & Occupational Health
dc.subjectEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology
dc.subjectFish advisory
dc.subjectMethylmercury
dc.subjectIndigenous health
dc.subjectDietary transition
dc.subjectNutrition
dc.subjectCORONARY-HEART-DISEASE
dc.subjectFISH CONSUMPTION ADVISORIES
dc.subjectPOLYUNSATURATED FATTY-ACIDS
dc.subjectVITAMIN-D
dc.subjectCARDIOVASCULAR-DISEASE
dc.subjectMETHYLMERCURY EXPOSURE
dc.subjectSYSTEMATIC ANALYSIS
dc.subjectMERCURY EXPOSURE
dc.subjectCHILDBEARING AGE
dc.subjectDIETARY ADEQUACY
dc.subjectDietary transition
dc.subjectFish advisory
dc.subjectIndigenous health
dc.subjectMethylmercury
dc.subjectNutrition
dc.subject03 Chemical Sciences
dc.subject05 Environmental Sciences
dc.subject06 Biological Sciences
dc.subjectToxicology
dc.subject.meshAnimals
dc.subject.meshHumans
dc.subject.meshMethylmercury Compounds
dc.subject.meshDiet
dc.subject.meshFood Contamination
dc.subject.meshSeafood
dc.subject.meshInuits
dc.subject.meshCanada
dc.subject.meshNewfoundland and Labrador
dc.subject.meshDietary Exposure
dc.subject.meshAnimals
dc.subject.meshCanada
dc.subject.meshDiet
dc.subject.meshDietary Exposure
dc.subject.meshFood Contamination
dc.subject.meshHumans
dc.subject.meshInuits
dc.subject.meshMethylmercury Compounds
dc.subject.meshNewfoundland and Labrador
dc.subject.meshSeafood
dc.titleRisk tradeoffs associated with traditional food advisories for Labrador Inuiten
dc.typeArticle - Refereeden
dc.date.updated2020-10-13T22:06:48Z
dc.description.versionPublished (Publication status)
dc.contributor.departmentPopulation Health Sciencesen
dc.contributor.departmentGlobal Change Centeren
dc.title.serialEnvironmental Research
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.envres.2018.09.005
dc.type.otherArticle
dc.type.otherJournal
dc.identifier.volume168
dc.identifier.orcidCalder, Ryan [0000-0001-5618-9840 (orcid)]
dc.identifier.pmid30477821 (pubmed)
dcterms.dateAccepted2018-09-05
dc.identifier.eissn1096-0953
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/Veterinary Medicine
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/Faculty of Health Sciences
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/All T&R Faculty
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/Veterinary Medicine/Population Health Sciences
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/Veterinary Medicine/CVM T&R Faculty
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech


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Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International
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