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dc.contributor.advisorCooper, Robin Pannetonen_US
dc.contributor.advisorBell, Martha Annen_US
dc.contributor.advisorFriedman, Bruce H.en_US
dc.contributor.authorCooper, Jamie S.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2011-08-06T16:02:55Z
dc.date.available2011-08-06T16:02:55Z
dc.date.issued1999-09-07en_US
dc.identifier.otheretd-92498-10437en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/10063
dc.description.abstractMuch research has examined how rate affects visual preferences in human infants and auditory preferences in avian infants. In the visual domain, it seems that human infants prefer stimuli (e.g., flashing displays) presented at faster relative rates. Research using avian species has shown that ducklings, for example, prefer their species- specific maternal call only when it is presented at values close to the species-typical mean. These studies have shown that experience affects ducklings'­ preferences for rate in auditory events. Researchers in the areas of human infant preferences for visual rate and avian infant preferences for auditory rate have suggested that an effective window of frequencies exists for which infants show maximal attention. Unlike these two areas, little research has addressed how rate affects human infants' preferences for auditory events. A study by Cooper and Cooper (1997) was the first to find that infants attend to rates of speaking infant directed (ID) speech. Specifically, infants preferred ID speech at its normal rate to ID speech at a faster rate. The present study was intended to further investigate how rate of speaking affected infants' preferences for ID speech. More specifically, this study sought to determine whether a window of effective rates also exists for infant preferences for rate in ID speech. Using an infant-controlled preference procedure, 20 six- to eight-week old infants were presented with ID-normal speech (ID speech as its normal rate) and ID- slow speech (ID speech slowed to half the normal rate). It was found that infants looked longer to a visual display when it was paired with ID-slow speech than when it was paired with ID-normal speech. How these results relate to research and theory on visual rate preferences in human infants and auditory rate in avian species is discussed, as well as future directions for this line of research.en_US
dc.format.mediumETDen_US
dc.publisherVirginia Techen_US
dc.relation.haspartjscetd2.pdfen_US
dc.relation.haspartjscetd1.pdfen_US
dc.rightsThe authors of the theses and dissertations are the copyright owners. Virginia Tech's Digital Library and Archives has their permission to store and provide access to these works.en_US
dc.source.urihttp://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-92498-10437en_US
dc.subjectinfant-directed speechen_US
dc.subjectinfant attentionen_US
dc.subjectarousalen_US
dc.subjectvisual attentionen_US
dc.titleThe Ability of Speaking Rate to Influence Infants' Preferences for Infant-Directed Speechen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.departmentPsychologyen_US
dc.description.degreeMaster of Scienceen_US


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