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dc.contributor.advisor Wimberley, Dale en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Calasanti, Toni M. en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Bayer, A. en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Glenn, E. Nakano en_US
dc.contributor.advisor Fuller, T. en_US
dc.contributor.author Assar, Nandini Narain en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2011-08-22T18:53:17Z
dc.date.available 2011-08-22T18:53:17Z
dc.date.issued 2004-02-05 en_US
dc.identifier.other etd-04262000-18590048 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10919/11115
dc.description.abstract Abstract Immigration policy and tradition dovetail in their impact on the social organization of immigrant communities, linking the material and non-material aspects of gender. I focus on Asian Indian Patels, who dominate the budget motel business in the United States. I conducted semi-structured interviews with Patel men, women, and teenagers. I stayed overnight in the motels to observe families at work. I was almost always invited to prepare and share a meal, so I observed families at home. My analysis is based on transcribed interviews with participants, fieldnotes, observations, community publications, and information from three key contacts. Most Patels enter the U.S. under family reunification rules in a chain migration. These rules do not recognize families as labor; therefore a majority of documented immigrants are exempt from labor certification. Traditions define Patel women as housewives. The nature of motel work allows women to contribute their labor full-time and still remain housewives: they are not recognized as workers. Community financing and family labor, both escapes from the market economy, allow for the economic success of Patels. When families take on subsequent links in the chain migration, they must meet the costs of migration for new immigrants, and maintain traditional gender hierarchy. When they are the last link in the chain, there is a challenge to this hierarchy. In the second generation, when they remain in the motel business, Patels maintain traditional gender hierarchy. When either partner is linked to the labor market, there is a challenge to traditional gender hierarchy. en_US
dc.format.medium ETD en_US
dc.publisher Virginia Tech en_US
dc.relation.haspart cv-nandini.pdf en_US
dc.relation.haspart Patels4.4.3.6.pdf en_US
dc.rights The authors of the theses and dissertations are the copyright owners. Virginia Tech's Digital Library and Archives has their permission to store and provide access to these works. en_US
dc.source.uri http://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-04262000-18590048 en_US
dc.subject Housewife en_US
dc.subject Work en_US
dc.subject Indian-American en_US
dc.subject Immigration Rules en_US
dc.subject Motels en_US
dc.subject Hierarchy en_US
dc.subject Gender en_US
dc.subject Patidar en_US
dc.subject Patel en_US
dc.subject Ethnic Norms en_US
dc.title Gender Hierarchy Among Gujarati Immigrants: Linking Immigration Rules and Ethnic Norns en_US
dc.type Other - Dissertation en_US
dc.contributor.department Sociology en_US
dc.description.degree PHD en_US

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