Recent Submissions

  • Integrated Digital Event Archiving and Library (IDEAL): Preview of Award 1319578 - Annual Project Report 

    Fox, Edward A.; Hanna, Kristine; Kavanaugh, Andrea L.; Sheetz, Steven D.; Shoemaker, Donald J. (2014-07-09)
    The goals of this project are to ingest tweets and Web-based content from social media and the general Web, including news and governmental information. In addition to archiving materials found, the project team will build ...
  • NSF 2nd Year Report: CTRnet: Integrated Digital Library Support for Crisis, Tragedy, and Recovery 

    Fox, Edward A.; Shoemaker, Donald J.; Sheetz, Steven D.; Kavanaugh, Andrea L.; Ramakrishnan, Naren (2011-07)
    One of the important parts of this project is to collect and archive as much information as possible about various events that are related to crises, tragedies, and recovery (CTR). In order to do long-term archiving of ...
  • Microblogging in Crisis Situations: Mass Protests in Iran, Tunisia, Egypt 

    Kavanaugh, Andrea L.; Yang, Seungwon; Li, Lin T.; Sheetz, Steven D.; Fox, Edward A. (2011-05)
    In this paper we briefly examine the use of Twitter in Iran, Tunisia and Egypt during the mass political demonstrations and protests in June 2009, December 2010 and January 2011 respectively. We compare this usage with ...
  • Social Media for Cities, Counties, and Communities 

    Kavanaugh, Andrea L.; Nastev, Apostol; Fox, Edward A.; Sheetz, Steven D.; Shoemaker, Donald J.; Xie, Lexing (2011-03-11)
    Social media (i.e., Twitter, Facebook, Flickr, YouTube) and other tools and services with user generated content have made a staggering amount of information (and misinformation) available. Some government officials seek ...
  • Why Students Use Social Networking Sites After Crisis Situations 

    Sheetz, Steven D.; Fox, Edward A.; Fitzgerald, Andrew; Palmer, Sean; Shoemaker, Donald J.; Kavanaugh, Andrea L. (2011)
    Communities respond to tragedy by making virtuous use of social networking sites for a variety of purposes. We asked students to describe why they used a social networking site after the tragic shootings at Virginia Tech, ...
  • NSF 3rd Year Report: CTRnet: Integrated Digital Library Support for Crisis, Tragedy, and Recovery 

    Fox, Edward A.; Shoemaker, Donald J.; Sheetz, Steven D.; Kavanaugh, Andrea L.; Ramakrishnan, Naren (2012-07)
    The Crisis, Tragedy and Recovery (CTR) network, or CTRnet, is a human and digital library network for providing a range of services relating to different kinds of tragic events, including broad collaborative studies related ...
  • CTRnet Final Report 

    Fox, Edward A.; Shoemaker, Donald J.; Sheetz, Steven D.; Kavanaugh, Andrea L.; Ramakrishnan, Naren (2013-08-26)
    The CTRnet project team has been developing a digital library including many webpage archives and tweet archives related to disasters, in collaboration with the Internet Archive. The goals of the CTRnet project are to ...
  • MARIAN Design 

    France, Robert K.; Cline, Ben E.; Fox, Edward A. (1995-02-14)
    MARIAN (Multiple Access Retrieval of library Information with ANotations) is an online library catalog information system. Intended for library end-users rather than catalogers, it provides controlled search by author, ...
  • Weights and Measures: An Axiomatic Model for Similarity Computations 

    France, Robert K. (1994)
    This paper proposes a formal model for similarity functions, first over arbitrary objects, then over sets and the sorts of weighted sets that are found in text retrieval systems. Using a handful of axioms and constraints, ...
  • Extending Retrieval with Stepping Stones and Pathways 

    Fox, Edward A. (2003-08)
    This project researches an alternative interpretation of user queries and presentation of the results. Instead of returning a ranked list of documents, the result of a query is a connected network of chains of evidence. ...
  • Indexing Large Collections of Small Text Records for Ranked Retrieval 

    France, Robert K.; Fox, Edward A. (1993)
    The MARIAN online public access catalog system at Virginia Tech has been developed to apply advanced information retrieval methods and object-oriented technology to the needs of library patrons. We give a description of ...
  • Information Interactions: User Interface Objects for CODER, INCARD, and MARIAN, v. 2.5 

    France, Robert K. (1992-08-24)
    Any information system needs a user interface: a program or program module that eases the communication between the system's users and the underlying search and storage software. This document describes (part of) the ...
  • The Academy: A Community of Information Retrieval Agents 

    France, Robert K. (1994-09-06)
    We commonly picture text as a sequence of words; or alternatively as a sequence of paragraphs, each of which is composed of a sequence of sentences, each of which is itself a sequence of words. It is also worth noting that ...
  • Building the CODER Lexicon: The Collins English Dictionary and its Adverb Definitions 

    Fox, Edward A.; Wohlwend, Robert C.; Sheldon, Phyllis R.; Chen, Qi-Fan; France, Robert K. (1986-10)
    The CODER (COmposite Document Expert/extended/effective Retrieval) project is an investigation of the applicability of artificial intelligence techniques to the information retrieval task of analyzing, storing, and retrieving ...
  • When Stopping Rules Don't Stop 

    France, Robert K. (1995)
    Performing ranked retrieval on large document collections can be slow. The method of stopping rules has been proposed to make it more efficient. Stopping rules, which terminate search when the highest ranked documents have ...
  • Open Archives: Distributed Services for Physicists and Graduate Students (OAD) 

    Fox, Edward A.; Stamerjohanns, Heinrich; Hilf, Eberhard R.; Mittler, Elmar; Zia, Royce (2001)
    This 2001-2002 report evaluates the research done to improve distributed digital library services for two user communities: physicists and graduate students.
  • Multiple Metadata / Best Metadata Return 

    Suleman, Hussein; Nelson, Michael (2001-10-19)
    The OAI protocol currently supports a simple mapping of metadata names to metadata formats, whereby a metadata record can be requested for exactly one record in exactly one format in a single GetRecord request. In the case ...
  • Open Archives: Distributed Services for Physicists and Graduate Students (OAD) 

    Fox, Edward A.; Stamerjohanns, Heinrich; Hilf, Eberhard R.; Mittler, Elmar; Zia, Royce (2002)
    The objective of this project - "Open Archives: Distributed Services for Physicists and Graduate Students OAD" - is to improve the quality of resources and distributed digital library services, aimed at two communities: ...
  • Open Archives: Distributed Services for Physicists and Graduate Students (OAD) 

    Fox, Edward A.; Stamerjohanns, Heinrich; Hilf, Eberhard R.; Mittler, Elmar; Zia, Royce (2003)
    This 2003 report evaluates the research done to improve distributed digital library services for two user communities: physicists and graduate students.
  • Set Orthogonality 

    Suleman, Hussein; Zubair, Mohammad (2001-10-19)
    There is no way to determine all the sets that an identifier belongs to. This is typically referred to as set orthogonality because the protocol allows a harvester to find out which identifiers belong to a particular set ...

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