An Examination of the Privacy Impact Assessment as a Vehicle for Privacy Policy  Implementation in U.S. Federal Agencies

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dc.contributor.author Pandy, Susan M en_US
dc.date.accessioned 2013-02-19T22:44:03Z
dc.date.available 2013-02-19T22:44:03Z
dc.date.issued 2013-02-13 en_US
dc.identifier.other vt_gsexam:211 en_US
dc.identifier.uri http://hdl.handle.net/10919/19262
dc.description.abstract The Privacy Act of 1974 was designed to protect personal privacy captured in the records held by government agencies.  However, the scope of privacy protection has expanded in light of advances in technology, heightened security, ubiquitous threats, and the value of information. This environment has raised the expectations for public sector management of sensitive personal information and enhanced privacy protections.  While the expanse of privacy policy implementation is broad, this study focuses specifically on how agencies implement privacy impact assessments (PIAs) as required under Section 208 of the E-Government Act of 2002.  An enhanced understanding of the PIA implementation process serves as a portal into the strategic considerations and management challenges associated with broader privacy policy implementation efforts.  <br />A case study of how the U.S. Postal Service and the U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs have implemented PIAs provides rich insights into privacy policy implementation and outcomes.  Elite interviews enriched by process data and document analysis show how each organization undertook different approaches to PIA implementation over time.  This study introduces the sociology of law literature using Lauren Edelman\'s conceptual framework to understand how organizations respond to and interpret law from within the organization, or endogenously.  Building upon Edelman\'s model, certain characteristics of the PIA implementation are analyzed to provide rich description of the factors that influence the implementation process and lead to different policy outcomes.  <br />    The findings reflect valuable insights into the privacy policy implementation process and introduce the sociology of law literature to the field of public administration.  This literature furthers our understanding of how organizations enact policy over time, how the implementation process unfolds and is impacted by critical factors, and for identifying emergent patterns in organizations.  This study furthers our understanding how privacy policy, in particular, is implemented over time by examining the administrative capacities and levels of professionalism that are utilized to accomplish this effort.  This research comes at a critical time in the context of the emerging legal and political environment for privacy that is characterized by new expectations by the public and the expanding role of government to manage and protect sensitive information.   en_US
dc.format.medium ETD en_US
dc.publisher Virginia Tech en_US
dc.rights The authors of the theses and dissertations are the copyright owners. Virginia Tech's Digital Library and Archives has their permission to store and provide access to these works. en_US
dc.subject privacy en_US
dc.subject privacy impact assessment en_US
dc.subject privacy policy en_US
dc.subject data breach en_US
dc.subject e-government en_US
dc.title An Examination of the Privacy Impact Assessment as a Vehicle for Privacy Policy  Implementation in U.S. Federal Agencies en_US
dc.type Other - Dissertation en_US
dc.contributor.department Public Administration/Public Affairs en_US
dc.description.degree PHD en_US
thesis.degree.name PHD en_US
thesis.degree.level doctoral en_US
thesis.degree.grantor Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University en_US
thesis.degree.discipline en_US
dc.contributor.committeechair Khademian, Anne M en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Wolf, James F en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Ponemon, Larry en_US
dc.contributor.committeemember Hult, Karen M en_US

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