The Virginia Tech Mechanical Engineering Department serves its students, alumni, the Commonwealth of Virginia, and the nation through a variety of academic, research and service activities. Our missions are to: holistically educate our students for professional leadership as creative problem-solvers in a diverse society, conduct advanced research for societal advancement, train graduate students for scholarly inquiry, and engage with alumni, industry, government, and community partners through outreach activities. In order to produce engineers prepared for success across a range of career paths, our academic program integrates training in engineering principles, critical thinking, hands-on projects, open-ended problem solving, and the essential skills of teamwork, communication, and ethics.

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Recent Submissions

  • A Novel Method and Exoskeletons for Whole-Arm Gravity Compensation 

    Hull, Joshua; Turner, Ranger; Simon, Athulya A.; Asbeck, Alan T. (IEEE, 2020-08-17)
    We present a new method for providing gravity compensation to a human or robot arm. This method allows the arm to be supported in any orientation, and also allows for the support of a load held in the hand. We accomplish ...
  • An elbow exoskeleton for haptic feedback made with a direct drive hobby motor 

    Kim, Hubert; Asbeck, Alan T. (Elsevier, 2020)
    A direct drive motor is one of the simplest mechanisms that can be used to move a mechanical joint. In particular, a brushless direct current (BLDC) motor with no gearing produces a low parasitic torque due to its ...
  • Thermal expansion driven indentation stress-strain system 

    Lesko, John; Armstrong, Ronald (1992-07-28)
    Disclosed is a method and apparatus of indentation testing of variable types of specimens which includes mounting an indenter member onto a thermally expandable member, mounting the specimen to be tested on a pedestal, ...
  • Research Methods for the Capstone to Work (C2W) Project 

    Paretti, Marie; Ford, Julie; Howe, Susannah; Kotys-Schwartz, Daria; Ott, Robin (2021-02-24)
    This report details the research methods (sites, sample, data collection instruments, data analysis, codebook, data profiles) for the NSF funded project "From School to Work: Understanding the Transition from Capstone ...
  • Success Strategies: Words of Advice from New Engineers 

    Ford, Julie; Howe, Susannah; Kotys-Schwartz, Daria; Ott, Robin (2021-11-02)
  • All-graphene-based open fluidics for pumpless, small-scale fluid transport via laser-controlled wettability patterning 

    Hall, Lucas S.; Hwang, Dohgyu; Chen, Bolin; Van Belle, Bryan; Johnson, Zachary T.; Hondred, John A.; Gomes, Carmen L.; Bartlett, Michael D.; Claussen, Jonathan C. (2021-01)
    Open microfluidics have emerged as a low-cost, pumpless alternative strategy to conventional microfluidics for delivery of fluid for a wide variety of applications including rapid biochemical analysis and medical diagnosis. ...
  • Data analysis for characterization of IG110 and A3 by X-Ray diffraction and Raman spectroscopy 

    Wu, Huali; Gakhar, Ruchi; Chen, Allen; Zhou, Zhou; Scarlat, Raluca O. (2020-10)
    This article contains data related to the research journal paper titled 'Comparative Analysis of Microstructure and Reactive Sites for Nuclear Graphite IG-110 and Graphite Matrix A3", Journal of Nuclear Materials 528 (2020) ...
  • 3D printed graphene-based self-powered strain sensors for smart tires in autonomous vehicles 

    Maurya, Deepam; Khaleghian, Seyedmeysam; Sriramdas, Rammohan; Kumar, Prashant; Kishore, Ravi Anant; Kang, Min Gyu; Kumar, Vireshwar; Song, Hyun-Cheol; Lee, Seul-Yi; Yan, Yongke; Park, Jung-Min; Taheri, Saied; Priya, Shashank (2020-10-26)
    The transition of autonomous vehicles into fleets requires an advanced control system design that relies on continuous feedback from the tires. Smart tires enable continuous monitoring of dynamic parameters by combining ...
  • Quaternary Ammonium Compound Disinfectants Reduce Lupus-Associated Splenomegaly by Targeting Neutrophil Migration and T-Cell Fate 

    Abdelhamid, Leila; Cabana-Puig, Xavier; Mu, Qinghui; Moarefian, Maryam; Swartwout, Brianna; Eden, Kristin; Das, Prerna; Seguin, Ryan P.; Xu, Libin; Lowen, Sarah; Lavani, Mital; Hrubec, Terry C.; Jones, Caroline N.; Luo, Xin M. (2020-10-21)
    Hypersensitivity reactions and immune dysregulation have been reported with the use of quaternary ammonium compound disinfectants (QACs). We hypothesized that QAC exposure would exacerbate autoimmunity associated with ...
  • A simulation framework for bio-inspired sonar sensing with Unmanned Aerial Vehicles 

    Tanveer, M. Hassan; Wu, Xiaowei; Thomas, Antony; Ming, Chen; Mueller, Rolf; Tokekar, Pratap; Zhu, Hongxiao (2020-11-03)
    We introduce a unified simulation framework that generates natural sensing environments and produces biosonar echoes under various sensing scenarios. This framework produces rich sensory data with environmental information ...
  • Analysis of a 180-degree U-turn maneuver executed by a hipposiderid bat 

    Windes, Peter; Tafti, Danesh K.; Mueller, Rolf (2020-11-03)
    Bats possess wings comprised of a flexible membrane and a jointed skeletal structure allowing them to execute complex flight maneuvers such as rapid tight turns. The extent of a bat's tight turning capability can be explored ...
  • Momentum, Fall 2020 

    Unknown author (Virginia Tech, 2020)
    This is the Fall 2020 issue of Momentum, the quarterly magazine of the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Virginia Tech. Each issue looks at research, faculty, students, awards and what's going on in the department.
  • Momentum, Spring 2020 

    Unknown author (Virginia Tech, 2020)
    This is the Spring 2020 issue of Momentum, the quarterly magazine of the Department of Mechanical Engineering at Virginia Tech. Each issue looks at research, faculty, students, awards and what's going on in the department.
  • Mechanical Engineering 2020 Annual Report 

    Unknown author (Virginia Tech, 2020)
    A comprehensive look at the Virginia Tech Department of Mechanical Engineering and its accomplishments in 2020.
  • Design and implementation of a maxi-sized mobile robot (Karo) for rescue missions 

    Habibian, Soheil; Dadvar, Mehdi; Peykari, Behzad; Hosseini, Alireza; Salehzadeh, M. H.; Hosseini, Alireza H. M.; Najafi, Farshid (2021-01-07)
    Rescue robots are expected to carry out reconnaissance and dexterity operations in unknown environments comprising unstructured obstacles. Although a wide variety of designs and implementations have been presented within ...
  • Strategies for simultaneous strengthening and toughening via nanoscopic intracrystalline defects in a biogenic ceramic 

    Deng, Zhifei; Chen, Hongshun; Yang, Tin; Jia, Zia; Weaver, James C.; Shevchenko, Pavel D.; De Carlo, Francesco; Mirzaeifar, Reza; Li, Ling (Springer Nature, 2020)
    While many organisms synthesize robust skeletal composites consisting of spatially discrete organic and mineral (ceramic) phases, the intrinsic mechanical properties of the mineral phases are poorly understood. Using the ...
  • Motion Prediction of Human Wearing Powered Exoskeleton 

    Jin, Xin; Guo, Jia; Li, Zhong; Wang, Ruihao (Hindawi, 2020-12-22)
    With the development of powered exoskeleton in recent years, one important limitation is the capability of collaborating with human. Human-machine interaction requires the exoskeleton to accurately predict the human motion ...
  • Heparin-based hydrogel scaffolding alters the transcriptomic profile and increases the chemoresistance of MDA-MB-231 triple-negative breast cancer cells 

    Menon, Nidhi; Dang, Ha X.; Datla, Udaya Sree; Moarefian, Maryam; Lawrence, Christopher B.; Maher, Christopher A.; Jones, Caroline N. (2020-05-21)
    The tumor microenvironment plays a critical role in the proliferation and chemoresistance of cancer cells. Growth factors (GFs) are known to interact with the extracellular matrix (ECM) via heparin binding sites, and these ...
  • Modeling iontophoretic drug delivery in a microfluidic device 

    Moarefian, Maryam; Davalos, Rafael V.; Tafti, Danesh K.; Achenie, Luke E.; Jones, Caroline N. (2020-09-21)
    Iontophoresis employs low-intensity electrical voltage and continuous constant current to direct a charged drug into a tissue. Iontophoretic drug delivery has recently been used as a novel method for cancer treatment in ...
  • In situ characterization of the biological performance of a Francis turbine retrofitted with a modular guide vane 

    Martinez, Jayson J.; Deng, Zhiqun Daniel; Mueller, Robert; Titzler, Scott (2020-10-15)
    There are two strategies to lower overall project costs to an extent that will make many potential sustainable hydropower sites economically viable: (1) design standardized/modular components; (2) use advanced tools to ...

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