Now showing items 49-68 of 789

    • A Calabi-Yau database: threefolds constructed from the Kreuzer-Skarke list 

      Altman, Ross; Gray, James; He, Yang-Hui; Jejjala, Vishnu; Nelson, Brent D. (Springer, 2015-02-25)
      Kreuzer and Skarke famously produced the largest known database of Calabi-Yau threefolds by providing a complete construction of all 473,800,776 reflexive polyhedra that exist in four dimensions [1]. These polyhedra describe ...
    • CALIS - A CALibration Insertion System for the DarkSide-50 dark matter search experiment 

      Agnes, P.; Albuquerque, I. F. M.; Alexander, T.; Alton, A. K.; Asner, D. M.; Back, H. O.; Baldin, B.; Biery, K.; Bocci, V.; Bonfini, G.; Bonivento, W.; Bossa, M.; Bottino, B.; Brigatti, A.; Brodsky, J.; Budano, F.; Bussino, S.; Cadeddu, M.; Cadonati, L.; Cadoni, M.; Calaprice, F.; Canci, N.; Candela, A.; Caravati, M.; Cariello, M.; Carlini, M.; Catalanotti, S.; Cavalcante, P.; Chepurnov, A.; Cicalo, C.; Cocco, A. G.; Covone, G.; D'Angelo, D.; D'Incecco, M.; Davini, S.; De Cecco, S.; De Deo, M.; De Vincenzi, M.; Derbin, A.; Devoto, A.; Di Eusanio, F.; Di Pietro, G.; Dionisi, C.; Edkins, E.; Empl, A.; Fan, A.; Fiorillo, G.; Fomenko, K.; Forster, G.; Franco, D.; Gabriele, F.; Galbiati, C.; Giagu, S.; Giganti, C.; Giovanetti, G. K.; Goretti, A. M.; Granato, F.; Grandi, L.; Gromov, M.; Guan, M.; Guardincerri, Y.; Hackett, B. R.; Herner, K.; Hughes, D.; Humble, P.; Hungerford, Ed V.; Ianni, Al.; Ianni, An.; James, I.; Johnson, T. N.; Jollet, C.; Keeter, K.; Kendziora, C. L.; Koh, G.; Korablev, D.; Korga, G.; Kubankin, A.; Li, X.; Lissia, M.; Loer, B.; Lombardi, P.; Longo, G.; Ma, Y.; Machado, A. A.; Machulin, I. N.; Mandarano, A.; Mari, S. M.; Maricic, J.; Marini, L.; Martoff, C. J.; Meregaglia, A.; Meyers, P. D.; Milincic, R.; Miller, J. D.; Montanari, D.; Monte, A.; Mount, B. J.; Muratova, V. N.; Musico, P.; Napolitano, J.; Agasson, A. Navrer; Odrowski, S.; Orsini, M.; Ortica, F.; Pagani, L.; Pallavicini, M.; Pantic, E.; Parmeggiano, S.; Pelczar, K.; Pelliccia, N.; Pocar, A.; Pordes, S.; Pugachev, D. A.; Qian, H.; Randle, K.; Ranucci, G.; Razeti, M.; Razeto, A.; Reinhold, B.; Renshaw, A. L.; Rescigno, M.; Riffard, Q.; Romani, A.; Rossi, B.; Rossi, N.; Rountree, D.; Sablone, D.; Saggese, P.; Saldanha, R.; Sands, W.; Savarese, C.; Schlitzer, B.; Segreto, E.; Semenov, D. A.; Shields, E.; Singh, P. N.; Skorokhvatov, M. D.; Smirnov, O.; Sotnikov, A.; Stanford, C.; Suvorov, Y.; Tartaglia, R.; Tatarowicz, J.; Testera, G.; Tonazzo, A.; Trinchese, P.; Unzhakov, E. V.; Verducci, M.; Vishneva, A.; Vogelaar, R. Bruce; Wada, M.; Walker, S.; Wang, H.; Wang, Y.; Watson, A. W.; Westerdale, S.; Wilhelmi, J.; Wojcik, M. M.; Xiang, Xi.; Xiao, X.; Xu, J.; Yang, C.; Zec, A.; Zhong, W.; Zhu, C.; Zuzel, G. (2017-12)
      This paper describes the design, fabrication, commissioning and use of a CALibration source Insertion System (CALIS) in the DarkSide-50 direct dark matter search experiment. CALIS deploys radioactive sources into the liquid ...
    • Can we make the SiC-SiO2 interface as good as the Si-SiO2 interface? 

      Di Ventra, M. (AIP Publishing, 2001-10)
      A simple analysis based on the bulk valence and conduction densities of states was employed to estimate the interface-state densities for interfaces between the three most common SiC polytypes (3C, 4H, and 6H) and SiO2. ...
    • Canine Cancer Screening Via Ultraviolet Absorbance And Fluorescence Spectroscopy Of Serum Proteins 

      Dickerson, Bryan Douglas; Geist, Brian L.; Spillman, William B. Jr.; Robertson, John L. (Optical Society of America, 2007-01-01)
      A cost-effective optical cancer screening and monitoring technique was demonstrated in a pilot study of canine serum samples and was patented for commercialization. Compared to conventional blood chemistry analysis methods, ...
    • Capillary adhesion at the nanometer scale. 

      Cheng, S.; Robbins, M. O. (2014-06)
      Molecular dynamics simulations are used to study the capillary adhesion from a nonvolatile liquid meniscus between a spherical tip and a flat substrate. The atomic structure of the tip, the tip radius, the contact angles ...
    • Capillary forces on a small particle at a liquid-vapor interface: Theory and simulation 

      Tang, Yanfei; Cheng, Shengfeng (American Physical Society, 2018-09-24)
    • Cascading Walks Model for Human Mobility Patterns 

      Han, Xiao-Pu; Wang, Xiang-Wen; Yan, Xiao-Yong; Wang, Bing-Hong (PLOS, 2015-04-10)
      Background Uncovering the mechanism behind the scaling laws and series of anomalies in human trajectories is of fundamental significance in understanding many spatio-temporal phenomena. Recently, several models, e.g. ...
    • CHANDLER: A New Technology for Surface-level Reactor Neutrino Detection 

      Link, Jonathan Marion (2016-12-16)
      Motivation ‒ Why do we need better reactor neutrino detectors? Technological Foundations ‒ Where do these ideas come from? The CHANDLER Technology ‒ The basics idea Detector R&D ‒ What we have learned so far CHANDLER ...
    • Chaotic advection, diffusion, and reactions in open flows 

      Tel, T.; Karolyi, G.; Pentek, A.; Scheuring, I.; Toroczkai, Z.; Grebogi, C.; Kadtke, J. (AIP Publishing, 2000-03)
      We review and generalize recent results on advection of particles in open time-periodic hydrodynamical flows. First, the problem of passive advection is considered, and its fractal and chaotic nature is pointed out. Next, ...
    • Chaotic transport in low-dimensional superlattices 

      Zwolak, M.; Ferguson, D.; Di Ventra, M. (American Physical Society, 2003-02)
      We predict that in arrays of quantum dots (0D superlattice) and arrays of one-dimensional quantum wires (1D superlattice) chaotic transport should be observed in the presence of an ac field and for a wide range of physical ...
    • Characterization of electrical conductivity in a zeolitelike material 

      Soghomonian, V.; Heremans, J. J. (AIP Publishing, 2009-10)
      We present the electrical characterization of a zeolitelike oxo-vanadium arsenate framework. The experimentally obtained electronic and ionic conductivities and their interactions are discussed. Further, we investigate the ...
    • Characterization of the spontaneous light emission of the PMTs used in the Double Chooz experiment 

      Abe, Y.; Abrahao, T.; Almazan, H.; Alt, C.; Appel, S.; Baussan, E.; Bekman, I.; Bergevin, M.; Bezerra, T. J. C.; Bezrukov, L.; Blucher, E.; Brugiere, T.; Buck, C.; Busenitz, J.; Cabrera, A.; Calvo, E.; Camilleri, L.; Carr, R.; Cerrada, M.; Chauveau, E.; Chimenti, P.; Collin, A. P.; Conover, E.; Conrad, J. M.; Crespo-Anadon, J. I.; Crum, K.; Cucoanes, A. S.; Damon, E.; Dawson, J. V.; de Kerret, H.; Dhooghe, J.; Dietrich, D.; Djurcic, Z.; dos Anjos, J. C.; Dracos, M.; Etenko, A.; Fallot, M.; Felde, J.; Fernandes, S. M.; Fischer, V.; Franco, D.; Franke, M.; Furuta, H.; Gil-Botella, I.; Giot, L.; Goeger-Neff, M.; Gomez, H.; Gonzalez, L. F. G.; Goodenough, L.; Goodman, M. C.; Haag, N.; Hara, T.; Haser, J.; Hellwig, D.; Hofmann, M.; Horton-Smith, G. A.; Hourlier, A.; Ishitsuka, M.; Jimenez, S.; Jochum, J.; Jollet, C.; Kaether, F.; Kalousis, L. N.; Kamyshkov, Y.; Kaneda, M.; Kaplan, D. M.; Kawasaki, T.; Kemp, E.; Kryn, D.; Kuze, M.; Lachenmaier, T.; Lane, C. E.; Lasserre, T.; Letourneau, A.; Lhuillier, D.; Lima, H. P.; Lindner, M.; Lopez-Castano, J. M.; LoSecco, J. M.; Lubsandorzhiev, B.; Lucht, S.; Maeda, J.; Mariani, Camillo; Maricic, J.; Martino, J.; Matsubara, T.; Mention, G.; Meregaglia, A.; Miletic, T.; Milincic, R.; Minotti, A.; Nagasaka, Y.; Navas-Nicolas, D.; Novella, P.; Nunokawa, H.; Oberauer, L.; Obolensky, M.; Onillon, A.; Osborn, A.; Palomares, C.; Pepe, I. M.; Perasso, S.; Porta, A.; Pronost, G.; Reichenbacher, J.; Reinhold, B.; Roehling, M.; Roncin, R.; Rybolt, B.; Sakamoto, Y.; Santorelli, R.; Schilithz, A. C.; Schoenert, S.; Schoppmann, S.; Shaevitz, M. H.; Sharankova, R.; Shrestha, D.; Sibille, V.; Sinev, V.; Skorokhvatov, M.; Smith, E.; Soiron, M.; Spitz, J.; Stahl, A.; Stancu, I.; Stokes, L. F. F.; Strait, M.; Suekane, F.; Sukhotin, S.; Sumiyoshi, T.; Sun, Y.; Svoboda, R.; Terao, K.; Tonazzo, A.; Thi, H. H. T.; Valdiviesso, G.; Vassilopoulos, N.; Verdugo, A.; Veyssiere, C.; Vivier, M.; von Feilitzsch, F.; Wagner, S.; Walsh, N.; Watanabe, H.; Wiebusch, C.; Wurm, M.; Yang, G.; Yermia, F.; Zimmer, V. (Iop Publishing Ltd, 2016-08-01)
    • Charge assignments in multiple-U(1) gauge theories 

      Loinaz, W.; Takeuchi, T. (American Physical Society, 1999-12-01)
      We discuss the choice of gauge field basis in multiple-U(1) gauge theories. We find that there is a preferred basis, specified by the charge orthogonality condition, in which the U(1) gauge fields do not mix under one-loop ...
    • Charge State of the Globular Histone Core Controls Stability of the Nucleosome 

      Fenley, Andrew T.; Adams, D. A.; Onufriev, Alexey V. (CELL PRESS, 2010-09-01)
      Presented here is a quantitative model of the wrapping and unwrapping of the DNA around the histone core of the nucleosome that suggests a mechanism by which this transition can be controlled: alteration of the charge state ...
    • Charged defects in highly emissive organic wide-band-gap semiconductors 

      List, E. J. W.; Kim, C. H.; Shinar, J.; Pogantsch, A.; Leising, G.; Graupner, W. (AIP Publishing, 2000-04)
      A combined photoluminescence (PL) -detected magnetic-resonance (PLDMR) and thermally stimulated current (TSC) study of defects in wide-band-gap para-phenylene-type semiconductors is described. As TSC probes the density of ...
    • Chiral operators in two-dimensional (0,2) theories and a test of triality 

      Guo, Jirui; Jia, Bei; Sharpe, Eric R. (Springer, 2015-06-30)
      In this paper we compute spaces of chiral operators in general two-dimensional (0,2) nonlinear sigma models, both in theories twistable to the A/2 or B/2 model, as well as in non-twistable theories, and apply them to check ...
    • Choice of dispersion relation to calculate the QCD correction to Gamma(H->l(+)l(-)) 

      Takeuchi, Tatsu; Grant, Aaron K.; Worah, Mihir P. (American Physical Soc, 1996-02-01)
      We use the Operator Product Expansion (OPE) of quark vacuum polarization functions to show that the dispersion relation of Kniehl and Sirlin will yield the correct result to all orders in αs when applied to the QCD correction ...
    • Chromosome–nuclear envelope attachments affect interphase chromosome territories and entanglement 

      Kinney, Nicholas A.; Sharakhov, Igor V.; Onufriev, Alexey V. (2018-01-22)
      Abstract Background It is well recognized that the interphase chromatin of higher eukaryotes folds into non-random configurations forming territories within the nucleus. ...
    • Coarsening of "clouds" and dynamic scaling in a far-from-equilibrium model system 

      Adams, D. A.; Schmittmann, B.; Zia, R. K. P. (American Physical Society, 2007-04)
      A two-dimensional lattice gas of two species, driven in opposite directions by an external force, undergoes a jamming transition if the filling fraction is sufficiently high. Using Monte Carlo simulations, we investigate ...