Now showing items 69-88 of 96

    • Parent Perceptions of Real-Time and Non-Video Feedback from the Driver Coach Study 

      Baker, Stephanie; Klauer, Charlie; Baynes, Peter; Dingus, Thomas A. (National Surface Transportation Safety Center for Excellence, 2020-04-24)
      Motor vehicle crashes are the leading cause of death for teens. Research indicates that an effective way to improve teen safety is through the use of in-vehicle monitoring devices that provide feedback to teens and parents. ...
    • Pedestrian Visibility in Roundabouts: Naturalistic Study of Driver Eye-Glance Behavior 

      Bhagavathula, Rajaram; Williams, Brian; Gibbons, Ronald B. (National Surface Transportation Safety Center for Excellence, 2019-04-16)
      Roundabouts increase safety, but their safety effects on vulnerable road users are not as great as the safety effects for motor-vehicle drivers. Additionally, many motorists fail to yield to pedestrians at intersections ...
    • Pediatric Vehicular Heatstroke: Review of Literature and Preventative Technologies 

      Glenn, Eric; Glenn, T. Laurel; Neurauter, Michael L. (National Surface Transportation Safety Center for Excellence, 2019-10-08)
      Pediatric vehicular heatstroke (PVH) was the leading cause of nontraffic child fatalities in the United States in 2018. On average, there are 38 PVH fatalities in the U.S. each year, for a total of 905 child fatalities on ...
    • A policy review of the impact existing privacy principles have on current and emerging transportation safety technology 

      Pethtel, Ray D.; Phillips, James D.; Hetherington, Gene (Virginia Tech. Virginia Tech Transportation Institute, 2011-05-12)
      Ensuring the safety of travelers by the use of technology, and protecting the personal information that is collected for those applications, is an important transportation policy concern. Perceptions of an abuse of privacy ...
    • Pre-Employment Screening Best Practices in the Commercial Motor Vehicle Industry 

      Mabry, J. Erin; Hickman, Jeffrey S.; Glenn, T. Laurel (National Surface Transportation Safety Center for Excellence, 2020-05-22)
      This study documents innovative and successful practices for pre-employment screening in the commercial motor vehicle (CMV) industry and assesses the prevalence and effectiveness of these pre-employment screening practices ...
    • A Preliminary Investigation into the Safety-Critical Event Risk of Aging Commercial Motor Vehicle Drivers 

      Dunn, Naomi; Antin, Jon; Soccolich, Susan A. (National Surface Transportation Safety Center for Excellence, 2018-09-07)
      The majority of research into age-related declines in driving performance has concentrated on light vehicle, non-commercial drivers. However, the aging of the commercial motor vehicle (CMV) workforce raises a number of ...
    • Prescription and Over-the-Counter Drug Use and its Relationship to Involvement in Safety-Critical Events 

      Camden, Matthew C.; Hickman, Jeffrey S.; Soccolich, Susan A.; Hanowski, Richard J. (2014-10-07)
      This project served as a pilot study that illustrated the feasibility of using naturalistic driving data to assess the risk of a safety-critical event (SCE) associated with prescription (Rx) and over-the-counter (OTC) drug ...
    • Problematic Roadway Environments for Automated Vehicles 

      Terry, Travis N.; Tanner, Stephen (National Surface Transportation Safety Center for Excellence, 2018-04-03)
      Progress in the area of automated vehicles (AVs) will benefit safety, mobility, and environmental sustainability. Of the roughly 30,000 traffic-related fatalities reported yearly, 94% are due to human error. AVs replace ...
    • Quiet Car Detectability: Impact of Artificial Noise on Ability of Pedestrians to Safely Detect Approaching Electric Vehicles 

      Neurauter, Luke; Roan, Michael; Song, Miao; Miller, Marty; Glenn, Eric; Walters, Jacob (National Surface Transportation Safety Center for Excellence, 2020-04-10)
      Many auto manufacturers are now producing hybrid and electric vehicles with an additive noise component to signal vehicle presence in the same way that internal combustion engine vehicles signal their presence through ...
    • The Risk of a Safety-critical Event Associated with Mobile Device Subtasks in Specific Driving Contexts 

      Fitch, Gregory M.; Hanowski, Richard J.; Guo, Feng (2014-07-28)
      Using a cell phone while driving has been associated with an increased crash risk. However, when examining the inherent subtasks, naturalistic driving studies (NDSs) have shown that safety-critical event (SCE) risk is ...
    • Roadway Epochs: Documentation and User Manual 

      McCall, Robert; McLaughlin, Shane B. (National Surface Transportation Safety Center for Excellence, 2015-08-24)
      This report describes the contents of the Roadway Epochs Database, which is a collection of tables providing indices for users to access vehicle data from the 100-Car and Second Strategic Highway Research Program (SHRP 2) ...
    • Rural Intersection Lighting Safety Analysis 

      Bhagavathula, Rajaram; Gibbons, Ronald B.; Terry, Travis N.; Edwards, Christopher J. (National Surface Transportation Safety Center for Excellence, 2017-08-03)
      Under the sponsorship of the National Surface Transportation Safety Center for Excellence (NSTSCE), this research studied the relationship between lighting level and the night-to-day (ND) crash ratio at rural intersections ...
    • Safety Countermeasures at Unsignalized Intersections – A Toolbox Approach 

      Li, Eric; Medina, Alejandra; Gibbons, Ronald B. (National Surface Transportation Safety Center for Excellence, 2020-06-23)
      In 2015, approximately 8,000 intersection and intersection-related fatal crashes occurred on the nation’s highway system, resulting in more than 8,400 fatalities. That death toll represented about 24% of the traffic-related ...
    • Senior Mobility Awareness Symposium Brief 

      Antin, Jonathan F. (Virginia Tech. Virginia Tech Transportation Institute, 2013)
      Researchers at the Virginia Tech Transportation Institute (VTTI) hosted a symposium designed to increase awareness of the mobility challenges faced by seniors and offer state-of-the-art solutions to those individuals who ...
    • Strategies for Combating Drowsy Driving Using Adaptive Workload and Secondary Task Countermeasures 

      Llaneras, Robert; Meyer, Jason; Short, Maureen; Rayes, Freddy (National Surface Transportation Safety Center for Excellence, 2018-07-25)
      This study evaluated the effectiveness of alternative workload-based interventions intended to restore driver alertness following drowsy episodes. The study served as a proof of concept for varying the nature and onset of ...
    • Supporting CMV Driver Distraction Outreach Efforts: Letter Report Summary 

      Morgan, Justin F.; Flintsch, Alejandra Medina; Blanco, Myra; Hanowski, Richard J.; Fitchett, Vikki L.; Fitzgerald, Hollie E.; Radlbeck, Joshua (National Surface Transportation Safety Center for Excellence, 2015-04-08)
      The Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA) CMV Driving Tips website (https://cms.fmcsa.dot.gov/safety/driver-safety/cmv-driving-tips-overview) is a source for information on safety and practical driving tips ...
    • A survey of light-vehicle driver education programs to determine the prevalence of curriculum on sharing the road with heavy vehicles: final report 

      Baker, Stephanie Ann; Schaudt, William A.; Freed, J. C.; Toole, Laura (Virginia Tech. Virginia Tech Transportation Institute, 2011-12-01)
      Light-vehicle driver education programs that contain content about heavy-vehicle operation may be helpful in reducing light-vehicle/heavy-vehicle interactions. However, it is unclear as to the extent of current state ...
    • A Survey of Motorcyclists: Data for Research Design and Instrumentation 

      Williams, Vicki Higginbotham; McLaughlin, Shane B. (Virginia Tech. Virginia Tech Transportation Institute, 2013-03-01)
      The results of a survey of 424 motorcyclists are presented in order to provide information for motorcycle safety research. Survey questions address topics related to rider demographics, riding experience (years, mileage, ...
    • Tips for Sharing the Road with Commercial Motor Vehicles: A Web-Based Approach 

      Dunn, Naomi J.; Baker, Stephanie Ann; Blanco, Myra (National Surface Transportation Safety Center for Excellence, 2016-01-11)
      This report documents the Tips for Sharing the Road with Commercial Motor Vehicles website (http://www.cmvroadsharing.org). The website was created by the National Surface Transportation Safety Center for Excellence to ...
    • Towards developing a US-EU common distracted driving taxonomy : updating a naturalistic driving data coding approach 

      Hanowski, Richard J. (Virginia Tech. Virginia Tech Transportation Institute, 2011-12-07)
      Naturalistic video data reduction is a process of identifying information from video and putting it into a format that can be analyzed. Developing a sufficiently detailed event coding scheme is critical to this process. ...