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Efficient Direct-Drive Small-Scale Low-Speed Wind Turbine
Kishore, Ravi Anant
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There is growing need for the green, reliable, and cost-effective power solution for the expanding wireless microelectronic devices. In many scenarios, these needs can be met through a small-scale wind energy portable turbine (SWEPT) that operates near ground level where wind speed is of the order of few meters per second. SWEPT is a three-bladed, 40 cm rotor diameter, direct-drive, horizontal-axis wind turbine that has very low cut-in wind speed of 1.7 m/s. It operates in a wide range of wind speeds between 1.7 m/s and 10 m/s and produces rated power output of 1 W at wind speed of 4.0 m/s. The wind turbine is capable of producing electrical power up to 9.8 W at wind speed of 10 m/s. The maximum efficiency of SWEPT was found to be around 21% which makes it one of the most efficient wind turbines reported at the small scale and low wind speed. These advancements open many new opportunities for embedding and utilizing wireless and portable devices.