Limited Memory Space Dilation and Reduction Algorithms
(ABSTRACT) In this thesis, we present variants of Shor and ZhurbenkoÃ Âs r-algorithm, motivated by the memoryless and limited memory updates for differentiable quasi-Newton methods. This well known r-algorithm, which employs a space dilation strategy in the direction of the difference between two successive subgradients, is recognized as being one of the most effective procedures for solving nondifferentiable optimization problems. However, the method needs to store the space dilation matrix and update it at every iteration, resulting in a substantial computational burden for large-sized problems. To circumvent this difficulty, we first develop a memoryless update scheme. In the space transformation sense, the new update scheme can be viewed as a combination of space dilation and reduction operations. We prove convergence of this new algorithm, and demonstrate how it can be used in conjunction with a variable target value method that allows a practical, convergent implementation of the method. For performance comparisons we examine other memoryless and limited memory variants, and also prove a modification of a related algorithm due to Polyak that employs a projection on a pair of KelleyÃ Âs cutting planes. These variants are tested along with ShorÃ Âs r-algorithm on a set of standard test problems from the literature as well as on randomly generated dual transportation and assignment problems. Our computational experiments reveal that the proposed memoryless space dilation and reduction algorithm (VT-MSDR) and the proposed modification of the Polyak-Kelly cutting plane method (VT-PKC) provide an overall competitive performance relative to the other methods tested with respect to solution quality and computational effort. The r-Algorithm becomes increasingly more expensive with an increase in problem size, while not providing any gain in solution quality. The fixed dilation (with no reduction) strategy (VT-MSD) provides a comparable, though second-choice, alternative to VT-MSDR. Employing a two-step limited memory extension over VT-MSD sometimes helps in improving the solution quality, although it adds to computational effort, and is not as robust a procedure.
- Masters' Theses