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dc.contributor.authorAhram, Ariel I.en
dc.date.accessioned2020-12-18T21:37:14Zen
dc.date.available2020-12-18T21:37:14Zen
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/101547en
dc.description.abstractOil smuggling has become a major feature of the war economies across the MENA region but the contest is not just for physical possession of oil through seizure and looting. Equally important is the political, legal and symbolic battle for ownership and authority to manage and dispose. Even as national economies splinter and collapse, the formal institutions of economic governance have unique capabilities and prerogatives and accordingly become focal points of contestation between rebel actors and governments. Rebels in Yemen, Iraq and Libya have launched alternative financial institutions, including national oil companies, central banks and other financial institutions, tied to petroleum sales. Such entities, unlike secretive smugglers, court publicity and tout their legitimacy and legality. This paper argues that these rebel oil companies and the attendant financial institutions are not merely facilitators of fraud but components of rebel governance and diplomatic strategies to enhance the durability of rebel rule. Rebel national oil companies (NOC)s and related institutions serve as points in conflict financing, facilitating the conversion and integration of illicit revenue into streams of normal or licit financial operations. They ease rebels’ linkage into global markets for oil and other natural resources.en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen
dc.publisherEuropean University Instituteen
dc.relation.ispartofRevisiting natural resources in the Middle East and North Africaen
dc.relation.urihttps://hdl.handle.net/1814/69265en
dc.rightsIn Copyright (InC)en
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/en
dc.subjectoilen
dc.subjectsmugglingen
dc.subjectsovereigntyen
dc.subjectrebel governanceen
dc.subjectLibyaen
dc.subjectYemenen
dc.subjectIraqen
dc.titleRebel Oil Companies and Wartime Economic Governance in MENAen
dc.typeBook chapteren
dc.date.updated2020-12-18T21:37:12Zen
dc.description.versionPublished online (Publication status)en
dc.type.otherChapteren
dc.type.dcmitypeTexten
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/Architecture and Urban Studiesen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/All T&R Facultyen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/Architecture and Urban Studies/School of Public and International Affairsen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/Architecture and Urban Studies/CAUS T&R Facultyen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Techen
pubs.place-of-publicationFlorence, Italyen


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