Investigation on static grounding analysis model of non-pneumatic tire with nonlinear spokes
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A static grounding analysis model of non-pneumatic tire (NPT) was built and presented in this paper. The proposed NPT analysis model considers the non-linearity of the spoke stiffness and is suitable for the performance exploration of various structures of the NPT. First, the shear band, rigid rim, and spoke structure of the NPT were simplified, the main structural parameters and mechanical parameters were extracted, and an analysis model was established. The model can describe the deformation of the NPT when it is subjected to external forces. On this basis, the different stiffness of the spokes during tension and compression was considered, an iterative method was used to compensate for the difference in the deformation caused by the difference in radial stiffness of the spokes, and an analysis model of NPT with nonlinear spokes was established. Then, the contact between the tire and the road surface was introduced to iteratively compensate for the reaction force of the road surface, and the deformation of the NPT with nonlinear spokes on the road surface was obtained. Finally, the finite element software ABAQUS was used to verify the accuracy of the model. This model contains more comprehensive structural parameters and material parameters, which can more realistically simulate the structural characteristics and static grounding behavior of the NPT.