VTechWorks staff will be away for the Thanksgiving holiday starting November 24 through November 28, and will not be replying to requests during this time. Thank you for your patience.
Exome Resequencing Reveals Evolutionary History, Genomic Diversity, and Targets of Selection in the Conifers Pinus taeda and Pinus elliottii
Acosta, Juan J.
Fahrenkrog, Annette M.
Neves, Leandro G.
Resende, Marcio FR R.
Davis, John M.
Holliday, Jason A.
MetadataShow full item record
Loblolly pine (Pinus taeda) and slash pine (Pinus elliottii) are ecologically and economically important pine species that dominate many forest ecosystems in the southern United States, but like all conifers, the study of their genetic diversity and demographic history has been hampered by their large genome size. A small number of studies mainly based on candidate-gene sequencing have been reported for P. taeda to date, whereas none are available for P. elliottii. Targeted exome resequencing has recently enabled population genomics studies for conifers, approach used here to assess genomic diversity, signatures of selection, population structure, and demographic history of P. elliottii and P. taeda. Extensive similarities were revealed between these species: both species feature rapid linkage disequilibrium decay and high levels of genetic diversity. Moreover, genome-wide positive correlations for measures of genetic diversity between the species were also observed, likely due to shared structural genomic constraints. Also, positive selection appears to be targeting a common set of genes in both pines. Demographic history differs between both species, with only P. taeda being affected by a dramatic bottleneck during the last glacial period. The ability of P. taeda to recover from a dramatic reduction in population size while still retaining high levels of genetic diversity shows promise for other pines facing environmental stressors associated with climate change, indicating that these too may be able to adapt successfully to new future conditions even after a drastic population size contraction.
Showing items related by title, author, creator and subject.
Sabatia, Charles Obuya (Virginia Tech, 2011-03-31)Genetic improvement has been an integral part of loblolly pine plantation forestry in southern United States for about 60 years with focus on improving timber yield, wood quality, and pest and disease resistance. Advances ...
Genetics by Nutrient Availability Interactions on Short-term Carbon Pools and Fluxes in Young Pinus taeda Plantations Tyree, Michael Christopher (Virginia Tech, 2008-09-11)The objective of this research was to determine how genetics and nutrient availability influence C cycling in intensively managed southern pine forests. This work consisted of a two year field and a complimentary one year ...
Complementarity increases production in genetic mixture of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) throughout planted range Carter, David R.; Albaugh, Timothy J.; Camo, Otávio C.; Grossman, Jake J.; Rubilar, Rafael A.; Sumnail, Matthew; Maier, Christopher A.; Cook, Rachel L.; Fox, Thomas R. (ESA, 2020-09-01)Increased genotypic diversity has been associated with increased biomass production in shortrotation tree species. Increasing the genotypic diversity of loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) in an attempt to increase productivity ...