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dc.contributor.authorRockwell, Michelle S.en
dc.contributor.authorStein, Jeffrey S.en
dc.contributor.authorGerdes, Julieen
dc.contributor.authorBrown, Jeremiahen
dc.contributor.authorIvory, Adrienne Holzen
dc.contributor.authorEpling, John W.en
dc.date.accessioned2022-01-05T21:02:50Zen
dc.date.available2022-01-05T21:02:50Zen
dc.date.issued2021-04-06en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/107410en
dc.description.abstractBACKGROUND: The Appalachian Region faces multiple barriers to widespread COVID-19 vaccination. The purpose of this research study was to explore the role of trust in healthcare and trust in science on Appalachian residents’ readiness to receive the COVID-19 vaccine. Trust in health influencers and health information sources were also explored. METHODS: A cross sectional survey study of Appalachian Region residents (n=1048) was completed between February 25 and March 6, 2021, with equivalent rural and non-rural sampling methods employed. Participants were >35 years of age and had not received the COVID-19 vaccine at the time of survey administration. RESULTS: Overall, 31% of participants were extremely likely to receive the vaccine, while 42% were somewhat likely/neither unlikely or likely/somewhat unlikely, and 27% were extremely unlikely. Based on multiple linear regression analysis with backwards selection, trust in healthcare, trust in science, residence (rural vs. non-rural) and age were positive predictors of readiness to receive the vaccine (F(5, 1042)= 38.9, R2= 0.157, p< 0.01). Gender, education, household income, and political affiliation did not predict vaccine readiness. Trust in media for health information was modest, with ratings of none or not much for social media (64%), podcasts (61%), magazines (46%), radio (37%), newspapers (36%), and television (35%). Primary care providers emerged as the highest trusted health influencer of 15 options and a primary care provider’s office was the most common preference for location for receiving the COVID-19 vaccine, particularly in participants who rated themselves as extremely unlikely to receive the COVID-19 vaccine. CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that trust in healthcare and science are prospective foci for initiatives aimed at improving vaccine acceptance in Appalachia, particularly in younger residents of rural areas. As highly trusted health influencers, primary care providers should be leveraged and supported in COVID-19 vaccine education and distribution.en
dc.format.extentPages 1-26en
dc.format.extent26 page(s)en
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdfen
dc.language.isoenen
dc.relation.urihttps://deepblue.lib.umich.edu/handle/2027.42/167136en
dc.rightsIn Copyrighten
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/en
dc.titleTrust in Healthcare and Trust in Science Predict Readiness to Receive the COVID-19 Vaccine in Appalachiaen
dc.typeArticleen
dc.date.updated2022-01-05T21:02:48Zen
dc.description.versionSubmitted versionen
dc.title.serialAnnals of Family Medicine, COVID-19 Collectionen
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.7302/813en
dc.type.otherArticleen
dc.identifier.orcidStein, Jeffrey [0000-0001-5251-3447]en
dc.type.dcmitypeTexten
dcterms.dateAccepted2021-04-06en
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Techen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/University Research Institutesen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/University Research Institutes/Virginia Tech Carilion Research Instituteen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/Faculty of Health Sciencesen
pubs.organisational-group/Virginia Tech/All T&R Facultyen


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