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dc.contributor.authorBrousseau, Patricia Annen
dc.date.accessioned2013-03-08T09:00:05Zen
dc.date.available2013-03-08T09:00:05Zen
dc.date.issued2013-03-07en
dc.identifier.othervt_gsexam:319en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/19281en
dc.description.abstractAtmospheric deposition of reactive nitrogen (N) from anthropogenic sources to forested systems may have acute and long-term deleterious impacts on tree species and water quality. Understanding how nitrate (NO3-) moves through the soil system and if it has the potential to be retarded from vertical or lateral leaching allows for a better understanding of the processes important for NO3- movement and export from forested watersheds. We examined four watersheds at Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratory (CHL) and determined that soil NO3- sorption is a mechanism for abiotic NO3- retention. NO3- sorption was best described with an S-shaped, sigmoidal model for B horizons that suggests that NO3- sorption to soil colloidal surfaces has a higher affinity for soil solution at low equilibrium concentrations. Parameter a, the sorption maximum, was most strongly correlated to ammonium oxalate extractable Al (Alo) and Mn (Mno), suggesting that amorphous Al and Mn oxides may be the primary source of positively charged sorption sites. Parameter b, the width of the sigmoid curve slope, was best predicted by %C in the soil; suggesting that C compounds may bind to and reduce the availability of positively charged exchange sites for NO3- sorption. Previously harvested watersheds exhibited larger variability in parameter values Xo, the inflection point of the curve, and b. High elevation watersheds had higher median values for Alo, Mno and the ration of oxalate to dithionite extractable Fe (Feo/Fed), suggesting that the soils at higher elevations are at earlier stages of pedogenic development and have more poorly crystalline Fe and Al oxides. The greatest potential for sorption maybe at an intermediate soil depth between where there is a significant decrease in biologically cycled C, phosphate and sulfate yet there is enough mineral weathering to provide the mineralogical structures that can support positively charged surfaces.en
dc.format.mediumETDen
dc.publisherVirginia Techen
dc.rightsIn Copyrighten
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/en
dc.subjectnitrateen
dc.subjectsorptionen
dc.subjectforest soilsen
dc.subjectoxideen
dc.subjectwatersheden
dc.titleNitrate Sorption in the Soils of the Coweeta Hydrologic Laboratoryen
dc.typeThesisen
dc.contributor.departmentForest Resources and Environmental Conservationen
dc.description.degreeMaster of Scienceen
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen
thesis.degree.levelmastersen
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen
thesis.degree.disciplineForestryen
dc.contributor.committeechairStrahm, Brian D.en
dc.contributor.committeememberSchoenholtz, Stephen H.en
dc.contributor.committeememberKnoepp, Jennifer D.en


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