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BOLD responses to negative reward prediction errors in human habenula
Although positive reward prediction error, a key element in learning that is signaled by dopamine cells, has been extensively studied, little is known about negative reward prediction errors in humans. Detailed animal ...
Choosing Money over Drugs: The Neural Underpinnings of Difficult Choice in Chronic Cocaine Users
Addiction is considered a disorder that drives individuals to choose drugs at the expense of healthier alternatives. However, chronic cocaine users (CCUs)who meet addiction criteria retain the ability to choose money in ...