The Center for Injury Biomechanics is an interdisciplinary research center that combines the Virginia Tech College of Engineering with the Wake Forest University School of Medicine. The Center performs research investigating human tolerance to impact loading. The application of this research includes automobile safety, military restraints, and sports biomechanics. The Center combines experimental testing dummy and human surrogates and computational modeling in order to develop human impact injury criteria. As a member of the Mechanical Engineering Department, the School of Biomedical Engineering and Sciences, and the Virginia Tech Transportation Institute at Virginia Tech, our center offers an excellent opportunity for graduate student education through a wide variety of biomechanics courses and research experience. In addition, we have numerous collaborative projects with the Wake Forest University School of Medicine.

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Recent Submissions

  • Piecewise-Constant-Model-Based Interior Tomography Applied to Dentin Tubules 

    He, P.; Wei, B.; Wang, S.; Stock, S. R.; Yu, H. Y.; Wang, G. (Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2013)
    Dentin is a hierarchically structured biomineralized composite material, and dentin's tubules are difficult to study in situ. Nano-CT provides the requisite resolution, but the field of view typically contains only a few ...
  • The Influence of the Specimen Shape and Loading Conditions on the Parameter Identification of a Viscoelastic Brain Model 

    Untaroiu, Costin D. (Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2013)
    The mechanical properties of brain under various loadings have been reported in the literature over the past 50 years. Step-and-hold tests have often been employed to characterize viscoelastic and nonlinear behavior of ...
  • Comparison of Organ Location, Morphology, and Rib Coverage of a Midsized Male in the Supine and Seated Positions 

    Hayes, A. R.; Gayzik, F. S.; Moreno, D. P.; Martin, R. S.; Stitzel, J. D. (Hindawi Publishing Corporation, 2013)
    The location and morphology of abdominal organs due to postural changes have implications in the prediction of trauma via computational models. The purpose of this study is to use data from a multimodality image set to ...
  • Virginia Tech-Wake Forest University Center for Injury Biomechanics 10 Year History 

    Duma, Stefan M. (Brain Injuries and Biomechanics Symposium, 2013-09-19)
    The Virginia Tech-Wake Forest University Center for Injury Biomechanics (CIB) has completed 10 years of research in the fields of automobile safety, military restraints, and sports biomechanics. The CIB has grown to include ...
  • Evaluation of Eye Injury Risk from Consumer Fireworks 

    Alphonse, Vanessa D; Kemper, Andrew R (Brain Injuries and Biomechanics Symposium, 2013-09-19)
    Eye injuries affect approximately two million people annually. Various experimental studies have been performed to evaluate potentially injurious conditions from blunt objects using animal and human cadaver eyes. Experimental ...
  • Literature Review of Eye Injuries and Eye Injury Risk from Blunt Objects 

    Alphonse, Vanessa D; Kemper, Andrew R (Brain Injuries and Biomechanics Symposium, 2013-09-19)
    Eye injuries affect approximately two million people annually. Various studies that have evaluated the injury tolerance of animal and human eyes from blunt impacts are summarized herein. These studies date from the late ...
  • Measuring Head Impact Exposure and Mild Traumatic Brain Injury in Humans 

    Cobb, Bryan (Brain Injuries and Biomechanics Symposium, 2013-09-19)
    Helmeted sports such as football offer a unique opportunity to study head injury biomechanics in live human subjects. Impact reconstruction using game videos and real-time measurements of head kinematics in football provide ...
  • Blasted Flies and Nanoparticles for TBI 

    Hockey, KS; Sholar, CA; Sajja, VS; Hubbard, WB; Thorpe, C; VandeVord, PJ; Rzigalinski, BA (Brain Injuries and Biomechanics Symposium, 2013-09-19)
    This presentation briefly summaries two major areas of work in our lab, development of a Drosophila model of blast injury and treatment of traumatic brain injury (TBI) with cerium oxide nanoparticles. First, we discuss the ...
  • Surrogate Head Forms for the Evaluation of Head Injury Risk 

    MacAlister, Anna (Brain Injuries and Biomechanics Symposium, 2013-09-19)
    This paper summarizes the use of surrogate head forms in biomechanical research pertaining to head injury and, more specifically, mild traumatic brain injury. Because cadavers are limited and controlled studies of brain ...
  • Predicting Mild Traumatic Brain Injury with Injury Risk Functions 

    Young, Tyler (Brain Injuries and Biomechanics Symposium, 2013-09-19)
    To assess the safety of various products, equipment, and vehicles during traumatic events injury risk curves have been developed correlate measurable parameters with risk of injury. The first risk curves to predict head ...