Now showing items 1-20 of 268

    • CPULD News, Spring 2020 

      Unknown author (Virginia Tech. Center for Packaging and Unit Load Design, 2020)
      In the “CPULD News” newsletters, you’ll find everything from current news regarding CPULD activities over the past months, to introductions to some of our interns, students, and faculty/staff. There are summaries of recent ...
    • Physical Properties of Thermally Modified Juvenile and Mature Wood of Heveabrasiliensis (Euphorbiaceae) 

      Calonego, Fred; Severo, Elias Taylor Durgante; Latorraca, João Vicente de Figueiredo D. F.; Bond, Brian (2020-05)
      Exposing timber to temperatures approaching 200 °C causes thermal modification and changes its characteristics. This study evaluates the effect of various levels of thermal treatment on the physical properties of juvenile ...
    • Study of VOCs release during drying of plantation-grown Pinus sylvestris and naturally grown Russian Pinus sylvestris 

      Shen, Yulin; Zhang, Xiaotao; He, Qin; Wang, Xia; Wang, Zhe; Yang, Junli; Chen, Zhangjing; Yu, Jianfang; Duo, Huaqiong; Wang, Ximing (2020-05-12)
      Abstract A study was carried out to investigate the release of volatile organic compounds (VOCs) during drying of plantation Pinus sylvestris grown in China and naturally grown Pinus sylvestris from Russia. Our purpose was ...
    • Potential for Yield Improvement in Combined Rip-First and Crosscut-First Rough Mill Processing 

      Thomas, R. Edward; Buehlmann, Urs (2016-02)
      Traditionally, lumber cutting systems in rough mills have either first ripped lumber into wide strips and then crosscut the resulting strips into component lengths (rip-first), or first crosscut the lumber into component ...
    • Analysis of electricity consumption: a study in the wood products industry 

      Quesada-Pineda, Henry; Wiedenbeck, Jan; Bond, Brian (2016-10)
      This paper evaluates the effect of industry segment, year, and US region on electricity consumption per employee, per dollar sales, and per square foot of plant area for wood products industries. Data was extracted from ...
    • The Influence of Package Size and Flute Type of Corrugated Boxes on Load Bridging in Unit Loads 

      Park, Jonghun; Horvath, Laszlo; White, Marshall S.; Phanthanousy, Samantha; Araman, Philip; Bush, Robert J. (2017-01)
      Shipping pallets often are designed with the assumption that the payload carried is flexible and uniformly distributed on the pallet surface. However, packages on the pallet can act as a series of discrete loads, and the ...
    • Estimating Component Yield for CLT Production 

      Buehlmann, U.; Thomas, R. E. (2017)
      The emergence of cross-laminated timber (CLT) for building construction in North America may provide an additional and possibly more valuable product market for hardwood logs. Using the RaySaw sawing and ROMI rough mill ...
    • Recent Developments in US Hardwood Lumber Markets and Linkages to Housing Construction 

      Buehlmann, Urs; Bumgardner, Matthew; Alderman, Delton (2017-09)
      The housing industry has long provided important markets for the higher-value hardwood lumber used in fixtures such as cabinets, flooring, and millwork. These markets have become even more important in the face of the ...
    • Evaluating vacuum and steam process on hardwood veneer logs for export 

      Chen, Zhangjing; White, Marshall S.; Mack, Ron (2017-11)
      There is an immediate need to develop and adopt new treatment technologies for eliminating insect pest and tree pathogens from veneer logs moved in trade. This is largely due to the current phase-out of methyl bromide and ...
    • The influence of stretch wrap containment force on load bridging in unit loads 

      Park, Jonghun; Horvath, Laszlo; White, Marshall; Araman, Philip; Bush, Robert J. (2018-11)
      The term load bridging describes a phenomenon in which the physical interaction between various packaging components acts as a series of discrete loads in a given unit load and adds stiffness to the shipping pallet/load ...
    • Vacuum Steam Treatment Eradicates Viable Bretziella fagacearum from Logs Cut from Wilted Quercus rubra 

      Juzwik, Jennifer; Yang, Anna; Chen, Zhangjing; White, Marshall S.; Shugrue, Sarah; Mack, Ronald (2019-02)
      Methyl bromide (MB) fumigation is required for U.S. Quercus log exports due to concern over unintentional spread of Bretziella fagacearum. MB alternatives are needed due to the chemical's ability to damage the earth's ozone ...
    • CPULD News, Winter 2019 

      Unknown author (Virginia Tech. Center for Packaging and Unit Load Design, 2019)
      Please enjoy this special holiday edition of the newsletter for the Center for Packaging and Unit Load Design. In this issue: "2019: Our Year in Numbers."
    • Compositional Characterization of Different Industrial White and Red Grape Pomaces in Virginia and the Potential Valorization of the Major Components 

      Jin, Qing; O’Hair, Joshua; Stewart, Amanda C.; O’Keefe, Sean F.; Neilson, Andrew P.; Kim, Young-Teck; McGuire, Megan; Lee, Andrew; Wilder, Geoffrey; Huang, Haibo (MDPI, 2019-12-11)
      To better evaluate potential uses for grape pomace (GP) waste, a comprehensive chemical composition analysis of GP in Virginia was conducted. Eight commercial white and red pomace samples (cv. Viognier, Vidal Blanc, Niagara, ...
    • Pallets Make the World Go ‘Round: Circular versus linear economies and their effects on the pallet industry 

      Bridgeman, Kate (Virginia Tech. Center for Packaging and Unit Load Design, 2019-10)
      On a fundamental level, the circular economy is a model that portrays economic growth from the perspective of resource constraints. It is more ambitious and more marketing-friendly than a linear economy. The circular economy ...
    • Lignocellulose@ Activated Clay Nanocomposite with Hierarchical Nanostructure Enhancing the Removal of Aqueous Zn(II) 

      Zhang, Xiaotao; Hao, Yinan; Chen, Zhangjing; An, Yuhong; Zhang, Wanqi; Wang, Ximing (MDPI, 2019-10-18)
      A lignocellulose@ activated clay (Ln@AC) nanocomposite with a hierarchical nanostructure was successfully synthesized by the chemical intercalation reaction and applied in the removal of Zn(II) from an aqueous solution. ...
    • CPULD News, Fall 2019 

      Unknown author (Virginia Tech. Center for Packaging and Unit Load Design, 2019)
      In the “CPULD News” newsletters, you’ll find everything from current news regarding CPULD activities over the past months, to introductions to some of our interns, students, and faculty/staff. There are summaries of recent ...
    • Investigation of vacuum and steam treatments to heat treat and sanitize ash logs and ash firewood 

      Chen, Zhangjing; White, Marshall (Virginia Tech. Department of Wood Science and Forest Products, 2013-11-16)
      The goal of this project was to investigate the efficacy of vacuum/steam technology to sanitize low quality ash logs and ash firewood. It is difficult to heat treat the saw logs and firewood because of the relatively large ...
    • Annual Report, Center for Forest Products Business 2019 

      Unknown author (2019-08-24)
      This annual report lists faculty and student accomplishments at the Center for the period of July 1, 2018 - June 30, 2019.
    • How much load can my pallet carry? 

      Horvath, Laszlo (Virginia Tech. Center for Packaging and Unit Load Design, 2018-02-02)
      Properly determining the exact load carrying capacity of a pallet is essential to ensure the effectiveness of the supply chain. Multiple testing procedures are published by different organizations and all could be used to ...
    • Properties of Shredded Wood Pallets 

      White, Marshall S.; McLeod, John A., II (Virginia Tech. Center for Packaging and Unit Load Design, 2018-02-02)
      About 321 million wooden pallets are repaired every year in the United States. During the pallet repair process, unusable pallets are ground into mulch that is often used for animal bedding or other sensitive applications. ...