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Now showing items 1-20 of 82

    • Aligning evidence generation and use across health, development, and environment 

      Tallis, Heather; Kreis, Katharine; Olander, Lydia; Ringler, Claudia; Ameyaw, David; Borsuk, Mark E.; Fletschner, Diana; Game, Edward; Gilligan, Daniel O.; Jeuland, Marc; Kennedy, Gina; Masuda, Yuta J.; Mehta, Sumi; Miller, Nicholas; Parker, Megan; Pollino, Carmel; Rajaratnam, Julie; Wilkie, David; Zhang, Wei; Ahmed, Selena; Ajayi, Oluyede C.; Alderman, Harold; Arhonditsis, George; Azevedo, Ines; Badola, Ruchi; Bailis, Rob; Balvanera, Patricia; Barbour, Emily; Bardini, Mark; Barton, David N.; Baumgartner, Jill; Benton, Tim G.; Bobrow, Emily; Bossio, Deborah; Bostrom, Ann; Braimoh, Ademola; Brondizio, Eduardo; Brown, Joe; Bryant, Benjamin P.; Calder, Ryan S. D.; Chaplin-Kramer, Becky; Cullen, Alison; DeMello, Nicole; Dickinson, Katherine L.; Ebi, Kristie L.; Eves, Heather E.; Fanzo, Jessica; Ferraro, Paul J.; Fisher, Brendan; Frongillo, Edward A.; Galford, Gillian; Garrity, Dennis; Gatere, Lydiah; Grieshop, Andrew P.; Grigg, Nicola J.; Groves, Craig; Gugerty, Mary Kay; Hamm, Michael; Hou, Xiaoyue; Huang, Cindy; Imhoff, Marc; Jack, Darby; Jones, Andrew D.; Kelsey, Rodd; Kothari, Monica; Kumar, Ritesh; Lachat, Carl; Larsen, Ashley; Lawrence, Mark; DeClerck, Fabrice; Levin, Phillip S.; Mabaya, Edward; Gibson, Jacqueline MacDonald; McDonald, Robert; Mace, Georgina; Maertens, Ricardo; Mangale, Dorothy; Martino, Robin; Mason, Sara; Mehta, Lyla; Meinzen-Dick, Ruth; Merz, Barbara; Msangi, Siwa; Murray, Grant; Murray, Kris A.; Naude, Celeste E.; Newlands, Nathaniel K.; Nkonya, Ephraim; Peterman, Amber; Petruney, Tricia; Possingham, Hugh; Puri, Jyotsna; Remans, Roseline; Remlinger, Lisa; Ricketts, Taylor H.; Reta, Bedilu; Robinson, Brian E.; Roe, Dilys; Rosenthal, Joshua; Shen, Guofeng; Shindell, Drew; Stewart-Koster, Ben; Sunderland, Terry; Sutherland, William J.; Tewksbury, Josh; Wasser, Heather; Wear, Stephanie; Webb, Chris; Whittington, Dale; Wilkerson, Marit; Wittmer, Heidi; Wood, Benjamin DK K.; Wood, Stephen; Wu, Joyce; Yadama, Gautam; Zobrist, Stephanie (Elsevier, 2019-08-01)
      Although health, development, and environment challenges are interconnected, evidence remains fractured across sectors due to methodological and conceptual differences in research and practice. Aligned methods are needed ...
    • Analysis of environmental and economic impacts of hydropower imports for New York City through 2050 

      Calder, Ryan S. D.; Borsuk, Mark; Robinson, Celine (Duke University Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions, 2020-10-13)
      Indian Point Energy Center (IPEC), a nuclear generating facility that has provided roughly 15 TW·h per year of low-emissions power to the New York City area, will close by 2021. There has been debate over the potential ...
    • Antibiotic Use on Goat Farms: An Investigation of Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors of Missouri Goat Farmers 

      Landfried, Lauren K.; Barnidge, Ellen K.; Pithua, Patrick; Lewis, Roger D.; Jacoby, Jonathan A.; King, Christopher C.; Baskin, Carole R. (MDPI, 2018-11-01)
      Use of low dose, prophylactic antibiotics contributes to the emergence of antibiotic resistant bacteria. In one study, goat meat in Missouri was found to have a higher percentage of antibiotic residues at slaughter than ...
    • Anticipating and adapting to the future impacts of climate change on the health, security and welfare of low elevation coastal zone (LECZ) communities in Southeastern USA 

      Allen, Thomas; Behr, Joshua; Bukvic, Anamaria; Calder, Ryan; Caruson, Kiki; Connor, Charles; D'Elia, Christopher; Dismukes, David; Ersing, Robin; Franklin, Rima; Goldstein, Jesse; Goodall, Jonathon; Hemmerling, Scott; Irish, Jennifer; Lazarus, Steven; Loftis, Derek; Luther, Mark; McCallister, Leigh; McGlathery, Karen; Mitchell, Molly; Moore, William; Nichols, C. Reid; Nunez, Karinna; Reidenbach, Matthew; Shortridge, Julie; Weisberg, Robert; Weiss, Robert; Donelson Wright, Lynn; Xia, Meng; Xu, Kehui; Young, Donald; Zarillo, Gary; Zinnert, Julie C. (MDPI, 2021-10-29)
      Low elevation coastal zones (LECZ) are extensive throughout the southeastern United States. LECZ communities are threatened by inundation from sea level rise, storm surge, wetland degradation, land subsidence, and hydrological ...
    • Assessing Ecosystem Service Benefits from Military Installations 

      Kagan, James; Borsuk, Mark; Calder, Ryan S. D.; Creutzburg, Megan; Mason, Sara; Olander, Lydia; Plantinga, Andrew; Robinson, Celine (2019-07-26)
      Military bases provide substantial ecosystem services to local communities and other members of the public. This project conceptualizes and quantifies ecosystem services provided by U.S. military bases developing an ...
    • Assessing the impact of coordinated COVID-19 exit strategies across Europe 

      Ruktanonchai, N. W.; Floyd, J. R.; Lai, S.; Ruktanonchai, C. W.; Sadilek, A.; Rente-Lourenco, P.; Ben, X.; Carioli, A.; Gwinn, J.; Steele, J. E.; Prosper, O.; Schneider, A.; Oplinger, A.; Eastham, P.; Tatem, A. J. (2020-09-18)
      As rates of new coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases decline across Europe owing to nonpharmaceutical interventions such as social distancing policies and lockdown measures, countries require guidance on how to ease ...
    • Assessment of Two Novel Live-Attenuated Vaccine Candidates for Herpes Simplex Virus 2 (HSV-2) in Guinea Pigs 

      Joyce, Jonathan D.; Patel, Anant K.; Murphy, Brandie; Carr, Daniel J.J.; Gershburg, Edward; Bertke, Andrea S. (MDPI, 2021-03-13)
      Treatment to ameliorate the symptoms of infection with herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2) and to suppress reactivation has been available for decades. However, a safe and effective preventative or therapeutic vaccine has eluded ...
    • Building Interdisciplinary Partnerships for Community-Engaged Environmental Health Research in Appalachian Virginia 

      Satterwhite, Emily M.; Bell, Shannon Elizabeth; Marr, Linsey C.; Thompson, Christopher K.; Prussin, Aaron J.; Buttling, Lauren; Pan, Jin; Gohlke, Julia M. (MDPI, 2020-03-05)
      This article describes a collaboration among a group of university faculty, undergraduate students, local governments, local residents, and U.S. Army staff to address long-standing concerns about the environmental health ...
    • The Burden of Livestock Parasites on the Poor 

      Rist, Cassidy; Garchitorena, Aandres; Ngonghala, Calistus N.; Gillespie, Thomas R.; Bonds, Matthew H. (2015-11)
    • Burden of lower respiratory infections in the Eastern Mediterranean Region between 1990 and 2015: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study 

      Mokdad, Ali H.; Moradi-Lakeh, Maziar; El Bcheraoui, Charbel; Charara, Raghid; Khalil, Ibrahim; Afshin, Ashkan; Kassebaum, Nicholas J.; Collison, Michael; Daoud, Farah; Chew, Adrienne; Krohn, Kristopher J.; Colombara, Danny; Ehrenkranz, Rebecca; Foreman, Kyle J.; Frostad, Joseph; Godwin, William W.; Kutz, Michael; Rao, Puja C.; Reiner, Robert; Troeger, Christopher; Wang, Haidong; Abajobir, Amanuel Alemu; Abbas, Kaja M.; Abera, Semaw Ferede; Abu-Raddad, Laith J.; Adane, Kelemework; Kiadaliri, Aliasghar Ahmad; Ahmadi, Alireza; Beshir, Muktar; Al-Eyadhy, Ayman; Alam, Khurshid; Alam, Noore; Alasfoor, Deena; Alizadeh-Navaei, Reza; Al-Maskari, Fatma; Al-Raddadi, Rajaa; Alsharif, Ubai; Altirkawi, Khalid A.; Anber, Nahla; Ansari, Hossein; Antonio, Carl Abelardo T.; Anwari, Palwasha; Asayesh, Hamid; Asgedom, Solomon Weldegebreal; Atey, Tesfay Mehari; Arthur, Euripide Frinel G.; Bacha, Umar; Barac, Aleksandra; Bazargan-Hejazi, Shahrzad; Drew, Charles R.; Geffen, David; Bedi, Neeraj; Bhutta, Zulfiqar A.; Michael, Brauer; Butt, Zahid A.; Castaneda-Orjuela, Carlos A.; Danawi, Hadi; Djalalinia, Shirin; Endries, Aman Yesuf; Eshrati, Babak; Farvid, Maryam S.; Fereshtehnejad, Seyed-Mohammad; Fischer, Florian; Garcia-Basteiro, Alberto L.; Gebrehiwot, Kiros Tedla; Gebrehiwot, Tsegaye Tewelde; Hailu, Gessessew Bugssa; Hamadeh, Randah Ribhi; Hambisa, Mitiku Teshome; Hamidi, Samer; Hassanvand, Mohammad Sadegh; Hedayati, Mohammad T.; Horita, Nobuyuki; Husseini, Abdullatif; Spencer, Lewis James; Javanbakht, Mehdi; Jonas, Jost B.; Kasaeian, Amir; Khader, Yousef Saleh; Khan, Ejaz Ahmad; Khan, Gulfaraz; Khoja, Abdullah Tawfih Abdullah; Khubchandani, Jagdish; Kim, Yun Jin; Kissoon, Niranjan; Larson, Heidi J.; Latif, Asma Abdul; Leshargie, Cheru Tesema; Lunevicius, Raimundas; Abd El Razek, Hassan Magdy; Abd El Razek, Mohammed Magdy; Majdzadeh, Reza; Majeed, Azeem; Malekzadeh, Reza; Farid, Habibolah Masoudi; Mehari, Alem; Memish, Ziad A.; Mengistu, Desalegn Tadese; Mensah, George A.; Mezgebe, Haftay Berhane; Nakamura, Sachiko; Oren, Eyal; Pourmalek, Farshad; Qorbani, Mostafa; Radfar, Amir; Rafay, Anwar; Vafa, Rahimi-Movaghar; Rai, Rajesh Kumar; Rawaf, David Laith; Rawaf, Salman; Refaat, Amany H.; Rezaei, Satar; Rezai, Mohammad Sadegh; Roba, Hirbo Shore; Roshandel, Gholamreza; Safdarian, Mahdi; Safiri, Saeid; Sahraian, Mohammad Ali; Salamati, Payman; Samy, Abdallah M.; Sartorius, Benn; Sepanlou, Sadaf G.; Shaikh, Masood Ali; Shamsizadeh, Morteza; Shigematsu, Mika; Singh, Jasvinder A.; Sufiyan, Muawiyyah Babale; Tehrani-Banihashemi, Arash; Temsah, Mohamad-Hani; Topor-Madry, Roman; Uthman, Olalekan A.; Vollset, Stein Emil; Wakayo, Tolassa; Werdecker, Andrea; Wijeratne, Tissa; Yaghoubi, Mohsen; Yimam, Hassen Hamid; Yonemoto, Naohiro; Younis, Mustafa Z.; Zaki, Maysaa El Sayed; Jumaan, Aisha O.; Vos, Theo; Naghavi, Mohsen; Hay, Simon I.; Murray, Christopher J. L. (2018-05)
      We used data from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study (GBD) to calculate the burden of lower respiratory infections (LRIs) in the 22 countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) from 1990 to 2015. We conducted ...
    • Can levamisole upregulate the equine cell-mediated macrophage (M1) dendritic cell (DC1) T-helper 1 (CD4 Th1) T-cytotoxic (CD8) immune response in vitro? 

      Witonsky, Sharon; Buechner-Maxwell, Virginia; Santonastasto, Amy; Pleasant, Robert; Werre, Stephen; Wagner, Bettina; Ellison, Siobhan; Lindsay, David (WILEY, 2019-03-01)
      Background: Equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM) is a common and devastating neurologic disease of horses in the United States. Because some EPM-affected horses have decreased immune responses, immunomodulators such ...
    • Challenges to a Sustainable Energy Future 

      Viere, Erin; Chen, Junqin; Deng, Simeng; Hansen, Asger; Hiltbrand, Galen; Maddex, Sean; Lecaros, Santiago; Calder, Ryan S. D. (Duke University, 2020-10-31)
      Hydropower accounts for 71% of renewable electrical generation worldwide, and installed capacity may more than double by 2050. Major hydroelectric projects involve construction of reservoirs to buffer the periodicity of ...
    • Child and Adolescent Health From 1990 to 2015: Findings From the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors 2015 Study. 

      Global Burden of Disease Child and Adolescent Health Collaboration; Kassebaum, N.; Kyu, H. H.; Zoeckler, L.; Olsen, H. E.; Thomas, K.; Pinho, C.; Bhutta, Z. A.; Dandona, L.; Ferrari, A.; Ghiwot, T. T.; Hay, S. I.; Kinfu, Y.; Liang, X.; Lopez, A.; Malta, D. C.; Mokdad, A. H.; Naghavi, M.; Patton, G. C.; Salomon, J.; Sartorius, B.; Topor-Madry, R.; Vollset, S. E.; Werdecker, A.; Whiteford, H. A.; Abate, K. H.; Abbas, Kaja M.; Abreha Damtew, S.; Ahmed, M. B.; Akseer, N.; Al-Raddadi, R.; Alemayohu, M. A.; Altirkawi, Khalid A.; Abajobir, A. A.; Amare, A. T.; Antonio, C. A.; Arnlov, J.; Artaman, A.; Asayesh, H.; Avokpaho, E. F.; Awasthi, A.; Ayala Quintanilla, B. P.; Bacha, U.; Balem, D.; Barac, A.; Bärnighausen, T. W.; Baye, E.; Bedi, N.; Bensenor, I. M.; Berhane, A.; Bernabe, E.; Bernal, O. A.; Beyene, A. S.; Biadgilign, S.; Bikbov, B.; Boyce, C. A.; Brazinova, A.; Hailu, G. B.; Carter, A.; Castañeda-Orjuela, C. A.; Catalá-López, F.; Charlson, F. J.; Chitheer, A. A.; Choi, J. J.; Ciobanu, L. G.; Crump, J.; Dandona, R.; Dellavalle, R. P.; Deribew, A.; deVeber, G.; Dicker, D.; Betsu, B. B.; Ding, E. L.; Dubey, M.; Endries, A. Y.; Erskine, H. E.; Faraon, E. J.; Faro, A.; Farzadfar, F.; Fernandes, J. C.; Fijabi, D. O.; Fitzmaurice, C.; Fleming, T. D.; Flor, L. S.; Foreman, K. J.; Franklin, R. C.; Fraser, M. S.; Frostad, J. J.; Fullman, N.; Gebregergs, G. B.; Gebru, A. A.; Geleijnse, J. M.; Gibney, K. B.; Gidey Yihdego, M.; Ginawi, I. A.; Gishu, Melkamu Dedefo; Gizachew, T. A.; Glaser, E.; Gold, A. L.; Goldberg, E.; Gona, P.; Goto, A.; Gugnani, H. C.; Jiang, G.; Gupta, R.; Tesfay, F. H.; Hankey, G. J.; Havmoeller, R.; Hijar, M.; Horino, M.; Hosgood, H. D.; Hu, G.; Jacobsen, K. H.; Jakovljevic, M. B.; Jayaraman, S. P.; Jha, V.; Jibat, T.; Johnson, C. O.; Jonas, J.; Kasaeian, A.; Kawakami, N.; Keiyoro, P. N.; Khalil, I.; Khang, Y. H.; Khubchandani, J.; Ahmad Kiadaliri, A. A.; Kieling, C.; Kim, D.; Kissoon, N.; Knibbs, L. D.; Koyanagi, A.; Krohn, K. J.; Kuate Defo, B.; Kucuk Bicer, B.; Kulikoff, R.; Kumar, G. A.; Lal, D. K.; Lam, H. Y.; Larson, H. J.; Larsson, A.; Laryea, D. O.; Leung, J.; Lim, S. S.; Lo, L. T.; Lo, W. D.; Looker, K. J.; Lotufo, P. A.; Magdy Abd, H.; El Razek; Malekzadeh, R.; Markos Shifti, D.; Mazidi, M.; Meaney, P. A.; Meles, K. G.; Memiah, P.; Mendoza, W.; Abera Mengistie, M.; Mengistu, G. W.; Mensah, G. A.; Miller, T. R.; Mock, C.; Mohammadi, A.; Mohammed, S.; Monasta, L.; Mueller, U.; Nagata, C.; Naheed, A.; Nguyen, G.; Nguyen, Q. L.; Nsoesie, E.; Oh, I. H.; Okoro, A.; Olusanya, J. O.; Olusanya, B. O.; Ortiz, A.; Paudel, D.; Pereira, D. M.; Perico, N.; Petzold, M.; Phillips, M. R.; Polanczyk, G. V.; Pourmalek, F.; Qorbani, M.; Rafay, A.; Rahimi-Movaghar, V.; Rahman, M.; Rai, R. K.; Ram, U.; Rankin, Z.; Remuzzi, G.; Renzaho, A. M.; Roba, H. S.; Rojas-Rueda, D.; Ronfani, L.; Sagar, R.; Sanabria, J. R.; Kedir Mohammed, M. S.; Santos, I. S.; Satpathy, M.; Sawhney, M.; Schöttker, B.; Schwebel, D. C.; Scott, J. G.; Sepanlou, S. G.; Shaheen, A.; Shaikh, M. A.; She, J.; Shiri, R.; Shiue, I.; Sigfusdottir, I. D.; Singh, J.; Slipakit, N.; Smith, A.; Sreeramareddy, C.; Stanaway, J. D.; Stein, D. J.; Steiner, C.; Sufiyan, M. B.; Swaminathan, S.; Tabarés-Seisdedos, R.; Tabb, K. M.; Tadese, F.; Tavakkoli, M.; Taye, B.; Teeple, S.; Tegegne, T. K.; Temam Shifa, G.; Terkawi, A. S.; Thomas, B.; Thomson, A. J.; Tobe-Gai, R.; Tonelli, M.; Tran, B. X.; Troeger, C.; Ukwaja, K. N.; Uthman, O.; Vasankari, T.; Venketasubramanian, N.; Vlassov, V. V.; Weiderpass, E.; Weintraub, R.; Gebrehiwot, S. W.; Westerman, R.; Williams, H. C.; Wolfe, Christy D.; Woodbrook, R.; Yano, Y.; Yonemoto, N.; Yoon, S. J.; Younis, M. Z.; Yu, C.; Zaki, M. E.; Zegeye, E. A.; Zuhlke, L. J.; Murray, C. J.; Vos, Theo (2017-04-03)
      Importance: Comprehensive and timely monitoring of disease burden in all age groups, including children and adolescents, is essential for improving population health. Objective: To quantify and describe levels and trends ...
    • Clinical Response, Outbreak Investigation and Epidemiology of the Fungal Meningitis Epidemic in the United States: Systematic Review. 

      Abbas, Kaja M.; Dorratoltaj, Nargesalsadat; O'Dell, Margaret L.; Bordwine, Paige; Kerkering, Thomas M.; Redican, Kerry J. (2016-10-01)
      We conducted a systematic review of the 2012-2013 multistate fungal meningitis epidemic in the United States from the perspectives of clinical response, outbreak investigation, and epidemiology. Articles focused on clinical ...
    • A community-engaged approach to understanding environmental health concerns and solutions in urban and rural communities 

      Wang, Suwei; Richardson, Molly B.; Evans, Mary B.; Johnson, Ethel; Threadgill-Matthews, Sheryl; Tyson, Sheila; White, Katherine L.; Gohlke, Julia M. (2021-09-24)
      Background Focus groups and workshops can be used to gain insights into the persistence of and potential solutions for environmental health priorities in underserved areas. The objective of this study was ...
    • Comparison between Gradual Reduced Nicotine Content and Usual Nicotine Content Groups on Subjective Cigarette Ratings in a Randomized Double-Blind Trial 

      Lin, Wenxue; Krebs, Nicolle M.; Zhu, Junjia; Foulds, Jonathan; Horn, Kimberly; Muscat, Joshua E. (MDPI, 2020-09-26)
      In 2018, the United States Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued an advanced notice of proposed rulemaking to reduce nicotine in tobacco products to produce a minimally addictive or nonaddictive effect, but there was ...
    • Conocimientos de la hipertension: Health beliefs about hypertension in an under-resourced community in the Dominican Republic 

      Abrams, Jasmine A.; Castro, Bryan; Gordhandas, Sushmita; Grzegorczyk, Anna; Maxwell, Morgan; Brawner, Bridgette; Conserve, Donaldson F.; Ryan, Mark (2020-06-23)
      Understanding health beliefs is important to facilitate health promotion and disease prevention as they influence health behaviors, outcomes, and disease management. Given the rise of hypertension-related diseases in the ...
    • Coupled Human-Natural Modeling for Hydroelectric Development: Understanding the Health Impacts of America’s Renewable Energy Imports 

      Calder, Ryan S. D. (Duke University, 2019)
      Hydropower accounts for 71% of renewable electrical generation worldwide, and installed capacity may more than double by 2050. Major hydroelectric projects involve construction of reservoirs to buffer the periodicity of ...
    • COVID-19 Reveals Vulnerabilities of the Food–Energy–Water Nexus to Viral Pandemics 

      Calder, Ryan S. D.; Grady, Caitlin; Jeuland, Marc; Kirchhoff, Christine J.; Hale, Rebecca L.; Muenich, Rebecca L.
      Food, energy, and water (FEW) sectors are inextricably linked, making one sector vulnerable to disruptions in another. Interactions between FEW systems, viral pandemics, and human health have not been widely studied. We ...
    • Demographics, perceptions, and socioeconomic factors affecting influenza vaccination among adults in the United States 

      Abbas, Kaja M.; Kang, Gloria J.; Chen, Daniel; Werre, Stephen R.; Marathe, Achla (PeerJ, 2018-07-13)
      Objective. The study objective is to analyze influenza vaccination status by demographic factors, perceived vaccine efficacy, social influence, herd immunity, vaccine cost, health insurance status, and barriers to influenza ...