Now showing items 1-20 of 124

    • Aligning evidence generation and use across health, development, and environment 

      Tallis, Heather; Kreis, Katharine; Olander, Lydia P.; Ringler, Claudia; Ameyaw, David; Borsuk, Mark E.; Fletschner, Diana; Game, Edward; Gilligan, Daniel O.; Jeuland, Marc; Kennedy, Gina; Masuda, Yuta J.; Mehta, Sumi; Miller, Nicholas; Parker, Megan; Pollino, Carmel; Rajaratnam, Julie; Wilkie, David; Zhang, Wei; Ahmed, Selena; Ajayi, Oluyede C.; Alderman, Harold; Arhonditsis, George; Azevedo, Ines; Badola, Ruchi; Bailis, Rob; Balvanera, Patricia; Barbour, Emily; Bardini, Mark; Barton, David N.; Baumgartner, Jill; Benton, Tim G.; Bobrow, Emily; Bossio, Deborah; Bostrom, Ann; Braimoh, Ademola; Brondizio, Eduardo; Brown, Joe; Bryant, Benjamin P.; Calder, Ryan S. D.; Chaplin-Kramer, Becky; Cullen, Alison; DeMello, Nicole; Dickinson, Katherine L.; Ebi, Kristie L.; Eves, Heather E.; Fanzo, Jessica; Ferraro, Paul J.; Fisher, Brendan; Frongillo, Edward A.; Galford, Gillian; Garrity, Dennis; Gatere, Lydiah; Grieshop, Andrew P.; Grigg, Nicola J.; Groves, Craig; Gugerty, Mary Kay; Hamm, Michael; Hou, Xiaoyue; Huang, Cindy; Imhoff, Marc; Jack, Darby; Jones, Andrew D.; Kelsey, Rodd; Kothari, Monica; Kumar, Ritesh; Lachat, Carl; Larsen, Ashley E.; Lawrence, Mark; DeClerck, Fabrice; Levin, Phillip S.; Mabaya, Edward; Gibson, Jacqueline MacDonald; McDonald, Robert; Mace, Georgina; Maertens, Ricardo; Mangale, Dorothy; Martino, Robin; Mason, Sara A.; Mehta, Lyla; Meinzen-Dick, Ruth; Merz, Barbara; Msangi, Siwa; Murray, Grant; Murray, Kris A.; Naude, Celeste E.; Newlands, Nathaniel K.; Nkonya, Ephraim; Peterman, Amber; Petruney, Tricia; Possingham, Hugh; Puri, Jyotsna; Remans, Roseline; Remlinger, Lisa; Ricketts, Taylor H.; Reta, Bedilu; Robinson, Brian E.; Roe, Dilys; Rosenthal, Joshua; Shen, Guofeng; Shindell, Drew; Stewart-Koster, Ben; Sunderland, Terry; Sutherland, William J.; Tewksbury, Joshua; Wasser, Heather; Wear, Stephanie; Webb, Chris; Whittington, Dale; Wilkerson, Marit; Wittmer, Heidi; Wood, Benjamin DK K.; Wood, Stephen; Wu, Joyce; Yadama, Gautam; Zobrist, Stephanie (Elsevier, 2019-08-01)
      Although health, development, and environment challenges are interconnected, evidence remains fractured across sectors due to methodological and conceptual differences in research and practice. Aligned methods are needed ...
    • AMS Community Synthesis on Geohealth 

      Seitter, Keith E.; Tipton, Emma; Higgins, Paul; White, Lauren; Miller, Andy (American Meteorological Society, 2022-04-20)
      The Earth system and human health are inextricably linked. In this period of widespread and rapid global change, understanding the challenges and opportunities at the intersection of health, geoscience, and the Earth system ...
    • Analysis of environmental and economic impacts of hydropower imports for New York City through 2050 

      Calder, Ryan S. D.; Borsuk, Mark E.; Robinson, Celine (Duke University Nicholas Institute for Environmental Policy Solutions, 2020-10-13)
      Indian Point Energy Center (IPEC), a nuclear generating facility that has provided roughly 15 TW·h per year of low-emissions power to the New York City area, will close by 2021. There has been debate over the potential ...
    • Antibiotic Use on Goat Farms: An Investigation of Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors of Missouri Goat Farmers 

      Landfried, Lauren K.; Barnidge, Ellen K.; Pithua, Patrick; Lewis, Roger D.; Jacoby, Jonathan A.; King, Christopher C.; Baskin, Carole R. (MDPI, 2018-11-01)
      Use of low dose, prophylactic antibiotics contributes to the emergence of antibiotic resistant bacteria. In one study, goat meat in Missouri was found to have a higher percentage of antibiotic residues at slaughter than ...
    • Anticipating and adapting to the future impacts of climate change on the health, security and welfare of low elevation coastal zone (LECZ) communities in Southeastern USA 

      Allen, Thomas; Behr, Joshua; Bukvic, Anamaria; Calder, Ryan S. D.; Caruson, Kiki; Connor, Charles; D'Elia, Christopher; Dismukes, David; Ersing, Robin; Franklin, Rima; Goldstein, Jesse; Goodall, Jonathon; Hemmerling, Scott; Irish, Jennifer L.; Lazarus, Steven; Loftis, Derek; Luther, Mark; McCallister, Leigh; McGlathery, Karen; Mitchell, Molly; Moore, William B.; Nichols, C. Reid; Nunez, Karinna; Reidenbach, Matthew; Shortridge, Julie; Weisberg, Robert; Weiss, Robert; Donelson Wright, Lynn; Xia, Meng; Xu, Kehui; Young, Donald; Zarillo, Gary; Zinnert, Julie C. (MDPI, 2021-10-29)
      Low elevation coastal zones (LECZ) are extensive throughout the southeastern United States. LECZ communities are threatened by inundation from sea level rise, storm surge, wetland degradation, land subsidence, and hydrological ...
    • Assessing Ecosystem Service Benefits from Military Installations 

      Kagan, James; Borsuk, Mark E.; Calder, Ryan S. D.; Creutzburg, Megan; Mason, Sara A.; Olander, Lydia P.; Plantinga, Andrew; Robinson, Celine (2019-07-26)
      Military bases provide substantial ecosystem services to local communities and other members of the public. This project conceptualizes and quantifies ecosystem services provided by U.S. military bases developing an ...
    • Assessing the Effect of Global Travel and Contact Restrictions on Mitigating the COVID-19 Pandemic 

      Lai, Shengjie; Ruktanonchai, Nick W.; Carioli, Alessandra; Ruktanonchai, Corrine W.; Floyd, Jessica R.; Prosper, Olivia; Zhang, Chi; Du, Xiangjun; Yang, Weizhong; Tatem, Andrew J. (2021-07)
      Travel restrictions and physical distancing have been implemented across the world to mitigate the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic, but studies are needed to understand their effectiveness across regions and ...
    • Assessing the impact of coordinated COVID-19 exit strategies across Europe 

      Ruktanonchai, Nick W.; Floyd, J. R.; Lai, S.; Ruktanonchai, C. W.; Sadilek, Adam; Rente-Lourenco, P.; Ben, X.; Carioli, A.; Gwinn, J.; Steele, J. E.; Prosper, Olivia F.; Schneider, A.; Oplinger, A.; Eastham, Paul; Tatem, A. J. (2020-09-18)
      As rates of new coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) cases decline across Europe owing to nonpharmaceutical interventions such as social distancing policies and lockdown measures, countries require guidance on how to ease ...
    • Assessment of Two Novel Live-Attenuated Vaccine Candidates for Herpes Simplex Virus 2 (HSV-2) in Guinea Pigs 

      Joyce, Jonathan D.; Patel, Anant K.; Murphy, Brandie; Carr, Daniel J.J.; Gershburg, Edward; Bertke, Andrea S. (MDPI, 2021-03-13)
      Treatment to ameliorate the symptoms of infection with herpes simplex virus 2 (HSV-2) and to suppress reactivation has been available for decades. However, a safe and effective preventative or therapeutic vaccine has eluded ...
    • Behavioural intentions in response to a potential menthol cigarette sales ban: a survey examining smokers in Washington, DC public housing 

      Dearfield, Craig T.; Horn, Kimberly; Crandell, Ian; Bernat, Debra H. (Bmj Publishing Group, 2022-07)
      Objectives Local, national and international policies are being proposed to ban the sale of menthol-flavoured tobacco products. With more bans being implemented, it is increasingly important to understand reactions to these ...
    • Boiled or Bottled: Regional and Seasonal Exposures to Drinking Water Contamination and Household Air Pollution in Rural China 

      Cohen, Alasdair; Pillarisetti, Ajay; Luo, Qing; Ling, Hongxing; Zhong, Gemei; Colford, John M., Jr.; Smith, Kirk R.; Ray, Isha; Tao, Yong (National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences, 2020-12-04)
      Background: Inadequate access to safe drinking water remains a global health problem, particularly in rural areas. Boiling is the most commonly used form of point-of-use household water treatment (HWT) globally, although ...
    • Bottled and Well Water Quality in a Small Central Appalachian Community: Household-Level Analysis of Enteric Pathogens, Inorganic Chemicals, and Health Outcomes in Rural Southwest Virginia 

      Cohen, Alasdair; Rasheduzzaman, Md; Darling, Amanda; Krometis, Leigh-Anne H.; Edwards, Marc A.; Brown, Teresa; Ahmed, Tahmina; Wettstone, Erin; Pholwat, Suporn; Taniuchi, Mami; Rogawski McQuade, Elizabeth T. (MDPI, 2022-07-15)
      Consumption of unsafe drinking water is associated with a substantial burden of disease globally. In the US, ~1.8 million people in rural areas lack reliable access to safe drinking water. Our objective was to characterize ...
    • Bottled water quality and associated health outcomes: a systematic review and meta-analysis of 20 years of published data from China 

      Cohen, Alasdair; Cui, Jingyi; Song, Qingyang; Xia, Qiwen; Huan, Jiexuan; Guo, Yalu; Sun, Yixin; Colford, John M., Jr.; Ray, Isha (IOP Publishing, 2022-01-20)
      Bottled water is a rapidly growing yet relatively understudied source of drinking water globally. In addition to concerns about the safety of bottled water, the adverse environmental health and social impacts associated ...
    • Building Interdisciplinary Partnerships for Community-Engaged Environmental Health Research in Appalachian Virginia 

      Satterwhite, Emily M.; Bell, Shannon Elizabeth; Marr, Linsey C.; Thompson, Christopher K.; Prussin, Aaron J. II; Buttling, Lauren G.; Pan, Jin; Gohlke, Julia M. (MDPI, 2020-03-05)
      This article describes a collaboration among a group of university faculty, undergraduate students, local governments, local residents, and U.S. Army staff to address long-standing concerns about the environmental health ...
    • The Burden of Livestock Parasites on the Poor 

      Rist, Cassidy; Garchitorena, Andres; Ngonghala, Calistus N.; Gillespie, Thomas R.; Bonds, Matthew H. (2015-11)
    • Burden of lower respiratory infections in the Eastern Mediterranean Region between 1990 and 2015: findings from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study 

      Mokdad, Ali H.; Moradi-Lakeh, Maziar; El Bcheraoui, Charbel; Charara, Raghid; Khalil, Ibrahim; Afshin, Ashkan; Kassebaum, Nicholas J.; Collison, Michael; Daoud, Farah; Chew, Adrienne; Krohn, Kristopher J.; Colombara, Danny; Ehrenkranz, Rebecca; Foreman, Kyle J.; Frostad, Joseph; Godwin, William W.; Kutz, Michael; Rao, Puja C.; Reiner, Robert; Troeger, Christopher; Wang, Haidong; Abajobir, Amanuel Alemu; Abbas, Kaja M.; Abera, Semaw Ferede; Abu-Raddad, Laith J.; Adane, Kelemework; Kiadaliri, Aliasghar Ahmad; Ahmadi, Alireza; Beshir, Muktar; Al-Eyadhy, Ayman; Alam, Khurshid; Alam, Noore; Alasfoor, Deena; Alizadeh-Navaei, Reza; Al-Maskari, Fatma; Al-Raddadi, Rajaa; Alsharif, Ubai; Altirkawi, Khalid A.; Anber, Nahla; Ansari, Hossein; Antonio, Carl Abelardo T.; Anwari, Palwasha; Asayesh, Hamid; Asgedom, Solomon Weldegebreal; Atey, Tesfay Mehari; Arthur, Euripide Frinel G.; Bacha, Umar; Barac, Aleksandra; Bazargan-Hejazi, Shahrzad; Drew, Charles R.; Geffen, David; Bedi, Neeraj; Bhutta, Zulfiqar A.; Michael, Brauer; Butt, Zahid A.; Castañeda-Orjuela, Carlos A.; Danawi, Hadi; Djalalinia, Shirin; Endries, Aman Yesuf; Eshrati, Babak; Farvid, Maryam S.; Fereshtehnejad, Seyed-Mohammad; Fischer, Florian; Garcia-Basteiro, Alberto L.; Gebrehiwot, Kiros Tedla; Gebrehiwot, Tsegaye Tewelde; Hailu, Gessessew Bugssa; Hamadeh, Randah Ribhi; Hambisa, Mitiku Teshome; Hamidi, Samer; Hassanvand, Mohammad Sadegh; Hedayati, Mohammad T.; Horita, Nobuyuki; Husseini, Abdullatif; Spencer, Lewis James; Javanbakht, Mehdi; Jonas, Jost B.; Kasaeian, Amir; Khader, Yousef Saleh; Khan, Ejaz Ahmad; Khan, Gulfaraz; Khoja, Abdullah Tawfih Abdullah; Khubchandani, Jagdish; Kim, Yun Jin; Kissoon, Niranjan; Larson, Heidi J.; Latif, Asma Abdul; Leshargie, Cheru Tesema; Lunevicius, Raimundas; Abd El Razek, Hassan Magdy; Abd El Razek, Mohammed Magdy; Majdzadeh, Reza; Majeed, Azeem; Malekzadeh, Reza; Farid, Habibolah Masoudi; Mehari, Alem; Memish, Ziad A.; Mengistu, Desalegn Tadese; Mensah, George A.; Mezgebe, Haftay Berhane; Nakamura, Sachiko; Oren, Eyal; Pourmalek, Farshad; Qorbani, Mostafa; Radfar, Amir; Rafay, Anwar; Rahimi-Movaghar, Vafa; Rai, Rajesh Kumar; Rawaf, David Laith; Rawaf, Salman; Refaat, Amany H.; Rezaei, Satar; Rezai, Mohammad Sadegh; Roba, Hirbo Shore; Roshandel, Gholamreza; Safdarian, Mahdi; Safiri, Saeid; Sahraian, Mohammad Ali; Salamati, Payman; Samy, Abdallah M.; Sartorius, Benn; Sepanlou, Sadaf G.; Shaikh, Masood Ali; Shamsizadeh, Morteza; Shigematsu, Mika; Singh, Jasvinder A.; Sufiyan, Muawiyyah Babale; Tehrani-Banihashemi, Arash; Temsah, Mohamad-Hani; Topor-Madry, Roman; Uthman, Olalekan A.; Vollset, Stein Emil; Wakayo, Tolassa; Werdecker, Andrea; Wijeratne, Tissa; Yaghoubi, Mohsen; Yimam, Hassen Hamid; Yonemoto, Naohiro; Younis, Mustafa Z.; Zaki, Maysaa El Sayed; Jumaan, Aisha O.; Vos, Theo; Naghavi, Mohsen; Hay, Simon I.; Murray, Christopher J. L. (2018-05)
      We used data from the Global Burden of Disease 2015 study (GBD) to calculate the burden of lower respiratory infections (LRIs) in the 22 countries of the Eastern Mediterranean Region (EMR) from 1990 to 2015. We conducted ...
    • Can levamisole upregulate the equine cell-mediated macrophage (M1) dendritic cell (DC1) T-helper 1 (CD4 Th1) T-cytotoxic (CD8) immune response in vitro? 

      Witonsky, Sharon G.; Buechner-Maxwell, Virginia A.; Santonastasto, Amy; Pleasant, R. Scott; Werre, Stephen R.; Wagner, Bettina; Ellison, Siobhan; Lindsay, David S. (WILEY, 2019-03-01)
      Background: Equine protozoal myeloencephalitis (EPM) is a common and devastating neurologic disease of horses in the United States. Because some EPM-affected horses have decreased immune responses, immunomodulators such ...
    • Challenges to a Sustainable Energy Future 

      Viere, Erin; Chen, Junqin; Deng, Simeng; Hansen, Asger; Hiltbrand, Galen; Maddex, Sean; Lecaros, Santiago; Calder, Ryan S. D. (Duke University, 2020-10-31)
      Hydropower accounts for 71% of renewable electrical generation worldwide, and installed capacity may more than double by 2050. Major hydroelectric projects involve construction of reservoirs to buffer the periodicity of ...
    • Child and Adolescent Health From 1990 to 2015: Findings From the Global Burden of Diseases, Injuries, and Risk Factors 2015 Study. 

      Global Burden of Disease Child and Adolescent Health Collaboration; Kassebaum, N.; Kyu, H. H.; Zoeckler, L.; Olsen, H. E.; Thomas, K.; Pinho, C.; Bhutta, Z. A.; Dandona, L.; Ferrari, A.; Ghiwot, T. T.; Hay, S. I.; Kinfu, Y.; Liang, X.; Lopez, A.; Malta, D. C.; Mokdad, Ali H.; Naghavi, Mohsen; Patton, G. C.; Salomon, J.; Sartorius, Benn; Topor-Madry, Roman; Vollset, S. E.; Werdecker, Andrea; Whiteford, H. A.; Abate, K. H.; Abbas, Kaja M.; Abreha Damtew, S.; Ahmed, M. B.; Akseer, N.; Al-Raddadi, Rajaa; Alemayohu, M. A.; Altirkawi, Khalid A.; Abajobir, A. A.; Amare, A. T.; Antonio, C. A.; Arnlov, J.; Artaman, A.; Asayesh, Hamid; Avokpaho, E. F.; Awasthi, A.; Ayala Quintanilla, B. P.; Bacha, Umar; Balem, D.; Barac, A.; Bärnighausen, T. W.; Baye, E.; Bedi, N.; Bensenor, I. M.; Berhane, Adugnaw; Bernabe, E.; Bernal, O. A.; Beyene, A. S.; Biadgilign, S.; Bikbov, B.; Boyce, C. A.; Brazinova, A.; Hailu, G. B.; Carter, Austin; Castañeda-Orjuela, Carlos A.; Catalá-López, F.; Charlson, F. J.; Chitheer, A. A.; Choi, J. J.; Ciobanu, L. G.; Crump, J.; Dandona, R.; Dellavalle, R. P.; Deribew, Amare; deVeber, G.; Dicker, D.; Betsu, B. B.; Ding, E. L.; Dubey, M.; Endries, A. Y.; Erskine, H. E.; Faraon, E. J.; Faro, A.; Farzadfar, F.; Fernandes, J. C.; Fijabi, D. O.; Fitzmaurice, C.; Fleming, T. D.; Flor, L. S.; Foreman, Kyle J.; Franklin, R. C.; Fraser, M. S.; Frostad, J. J.; Fullman, N.; Gebregergs, G. B.; Gebru, A. A.; Geleijnse, J. M.; Gibney, K. B.; Gidey Yihdego, M.; Ginawi, I. A.; Gishu, Melkamu Dedefo; Gizachew, T. A.; Glaser, E.; Gold, A. L.; Goldberg, E.; Gona, P.; Goto, A.; Gugnani, H. C.; Jiang, G.; Gupta, Rahul; Tesfay, F. H.; Hankey, G. J.; Havmoeller, R.; Hijar, M.; Horino, M.; Hosgood, H. D.; Hu, G.; Jacobsen, K. H.; Jakovljevic, M. B.; Jayaraman, S. P.; Jha, V.; Jibat, Tariku; Johnson, Catherine O.; Jonas, Jost; Kasaeian, Amir; Kawakami, Norito; Keiyoro, P. N.; Khalil, Ibrahim; Khang, Y. H.; Khubchandani, Jagdish; Ahmad Kiadaliri, A. A.; Kieling, C.; Kim, D.; Kissoon, Niranjan; Knibbs, L. D.; Koyanagi, Ai; Krohn, K. J.; Kuate Defo, B.; Kucuk Bicer, B.; Kulikoff, R.; Kumar, G. A.; Lal, D. K.; Lam, H. Y.; Larson, Heidi J.; Larsson, A.; Laryea, D. O.; Leung, J.; Lim, S. S.; Lo, L. T.; Lo, W. D.; Looker, K. J.; Lotufo, P. A.; Magdy Abd, H.; El Razek; Malekzadeh, Reza; Markos Shifti, D.; Mazidi, M.; Meaney, P. A.; Meles, K. G.; Memiah, Peter; Mendoza, Walter; Abera Mengistie, M.; Mengistu, G. W.; Mensah, G. A.; Miller, Ted R.; Mock, C.; Mohammadi, A.; Mohammed, S.; Monasta, L.; Mueller, U.; Nagata, C.; Naheed, A.; Nguyen, G.; Nguyen, Q. L.; Nsoesie, E.; Oh, I. H.; Okoro, A.; Olusanya, J. O.; Olusanya, B. O.; Ortiz, A.; Paudel, D.; Pereira, David M.; Perico, N.; Petzold, M.; Phillips, M. R.; Polanczyk, G. V.; Pourmalek, Farshad; Qorbani, Mostafa; Rafay, Anwar; Rahimi-Movaghar, Vafa; Rahman, M.; Rai, R. K.; Ram, U.; Rankin, Z.; Remuzzi, G.; Renzaho, Andre M. N.; Roba, H. S.; Rojas-Rueda, D.; Ronfani, L.; Sagar, R.; Sanabria, J. R.; Kedir Mohammed, M. S.; Santos, I. S.; Satpathy, M.; Sawhney, M.; Schöttker, B.; Schwebel, D. C.; Scott, J. G.; Sepanlou, Sadaf G.; Shaheen, A.; Shaikh, M. A.; She, J.; Shiri, R.; Shiue, I.; Sigfusdottir, I. D.; Singh, J.; Slipakit, N.; Smith, A.; Sreeramareddy, C.; Stanaway, J. D.; Stein, D. J.; Steiner, C.; Sufiyan, M. B.; Swaminathan, S.; Tabarés-Seisdedos, R.; Tabb, K. M.; Tadese, F.; Tavakkoli, M.; Taye, B.; Teeple, S.; Tegegne, T. K.; Temam Shifa, G.; Terkawi, A. S.; Thomas, B.; Thomson, A. J.; Tobe-Gai, R.; Tonelli, Marcello; Tran, Bach Xuan; Troeger, Christopher; Ukwaja, Kingsley N.; Uthman, Olalekan; Vasankari, Tommi; Venketasubramanian, Narayanaswamy; Vlassov, Vasiliy Victorovich; Weiderpass, Elisabete; Weintraub, Robert; Gebrehiwot, Solomon Weldemariam; Westerman, Ronny; Williams, Hywel C.; Wolfe, Charles D. A.; Woodbrook, Rachel; Yano, Yuichiro; Yonemoto, Naohiro; Yoon, Seok-Jun; Younis, Mustafa Z.; Yu, Chuanhua; Zaki, Maysaa El Sayed; Zegeye, Elias Asfaw; Zuhlke, Liesl Joanna; Murray, Christopher J. L.; Vos, Theo (2017-04-03)
      Importance: Comprehensive and timely monitoring of disease burden in all age groups, including children and adolescents, is essential for improving population health. Objective: To quantify and describe levels and trends ...
    • Climate change and physical activity: ambient temperature and urban trail use in Texas 

      Lanza, Kevin; Gohlke, Julia; Wang, Suwei; Sheffield, Perry E.; Wilhelmi, Olga (Springer, 2022-05)
      Individuals in the USA are insufficiently active, increasing their chronic disease risk. Extreme temperatures may reduce physical activity due to thermal discomfort. Cooler climate studies have suggested climate change may ...