Now showing items 123-142 of 196

    • The Macroecology of Chemical Communication in Lizards: Do Climatic Factors Drive the Evolution of Signalling Glands? 

      Jara, Manuel; Frias-De-Diego, Alba; Garcia-Roa, Roberto; Saldarriaga-Cordoba, Monica; Harvey, Lilly P.; Hickcox, Rachel P.; Pincheira-Donoso, Daniel (2018)
      Chemical communication plays a pivotal role in shaping sexual and ecological interactions among animals. In lizards, fundamental mechanisms of sexual selection such as female mate choice have rarely been shown to be ...
    • Macroinvertebrate sensitivity thresholds for sediment in Virginia streams. 

      Govenor, Heather; Krometis, Leigh Anne Henry; Willis, Lawrence; Angermeier, Paul L.; Hession, W. Cully (2019-01)
      Sediment is the most commonly identified pollutant associated with macroinvertebrate community impairments in freshwater streams nationwide. Management of this physical stressor is complicated by the multiple measures of ...
    • Making leaps in amphibian ecotoxicology: translating individual-level effects of contaminants to population viability 

      Willson, John D.; Hopkins, William A.; Bergeron, C. M.; Todd, B. D. (Ecological Society of America, 2012-09)
      Concern that environmental contaminants contribute to global amphibian population declines has prompted extensive experimental investigation, but individual-level experimental results have seldom been translated to ...
    • Metapopulation viability of an endangered shorebird depends on dispersal and human-created habitats: piping plovers (Charadrius melodus) and prairie rivers 

      Catlin, Daniel H.; Zeigler, Sara L.; Brown, Mary B.; Dinan, Lauren R.; Fraser, James D.; Hunt, Kelsi L.; Jorgensen, Joel G. (2016-03-15)
      Background Many species are distributed as metapopulations in dynamic landscapes, where habitats change through space and time. Individuals locate habitat through dispersal, and the relationship between a species and ...
    • Modeling Fence Location and Density at a Regional Scale for Use in Wildlife Management 

      Poor, Erin E.; Jakes, Andrew; Loucks, Colby; Suitor, Mike (PLOS, 2014-01-08)
      Barbed and woven wire fences, common structures across western North America, act as impediments to wildlife movements. In particular, fencing influences pronghorn (Antilocapra americana) daily and seasonal movements, as ...
    • Modelling the Species Distribution of Flat-Headed Cats (Prionailurus planiceps), an Endangered South-East Asian Small Felid 

      Wilting, Andreas; Cord, Anna; Hearn, Andrew J.; Hesse, Deike; Mohamed, Azlan; Traeholdt, Carl; Cheyne, Susan M.; Sunarto, Sunarto; Jayasilan, Mohd-Azlan; Ross, Joanna; Shapiro, Aurelie C.; Sebastian, Anthony; Dech, Stefan; Breitenmoser, Christine; Sanderson, Jim; Duckworth, J. W.; Hofer, Heribert (PLOS, 2010-03-17)
      Background The flat-headed cat (Prionailurus planiceps) is one of the world's least known, highly threatened felids with a distribution restricted to tropical lowland rainforests in Peninsular Thailand/Malaysia, Borneo ...
    • Moderate echinostoma trivolvis infection has no effects on physiology and fitness-related traits of larval pickerel frogs (rana palustris) 

      Orlofske, Sarah A.; Belden, Lisa K.; Hopkins, William A. (American Society of Parasitology, 2009-08)
      High intensity infections of Echinostoma trivolvis is metacercariae decrease survival and growth of young amphibian larvae. However, in nature, parasites are highly aggregated, which results in a large proportion of the ...
    • Nesting and Perching Habitat Use of the Madagascar Fish-Eagle 

      Berkelman, James; Fraser, James D.; Watson, Richard T. (Raptor Research Foundation, 2002)
      We documented Madagascar Fish-Eagle (Haliaeetus vociferoides) nest and perch use on lakes and rivers and compared parameters of used trees to unused reference trees. Nest and perch trees were broader and taller, had more ...
    • Northern Long-Eared Bat Day-Roosting and Prescribed Fire in the Central Appalachians, USA 

      Ford, W. Mark; Silvis, Alexander; Johnson, Joshua B.; Edwards, John W.; Karp, Milu (2016-08-01)
      The northern long-eared bat (Myotis septentrionalis Trovessart) is a cavity- roosting species that forages in cluttered upland and riparian forests throughout the oak-dominated Appalachian and Central Hardwoods regions. ...
    • Novel Mycobacterium tuberculosis Complex Pathogen, M. mungi 

      Alexander, Kathleen A.; Laver, Pete N.; Michel, Anita L.; Williams, Mark; van Helden, Paul D.; Warren, Robin M.; Gey van Pittius, Nicolaas C. (2010-08)
      Seven outbreaks involving increasing numbers of banded mongoose troops and high death rates have been documented. We identified a Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex pathogen, M. mungi sp. nov., as the causative agent among ...
    • Observations at backyard bird feeders influence the emotions and actions of people that feed birds 

      Dayer, Ashley A.; Rosenblatt, Connor; Bonter, David N.; Faulkner, Holly; Hall, Richard J.; Hochachka, Wesley M.; Phillips, Tina B.; Hawley, Dana M. (British Ecological Society, 2019-03-25)
      1. Backyard bird feeding is one of the most common ways people engage with wildlife in many parts of the world. Given its scale, it can have profound consequences for the ecology of feeder birds and their behaviour. While ...
    • Ocelot Leopardus pardalis in Belize: the impact of trap spacing and distance moved on density estimates 

      Dillon, A.; Kelly, Marcella J. (Cambridge University Press, 2007-10)
      We used remote cameras to obtain information on an elusive species and to examine the effects of different camera trapping methodologies on abundance estimates. We determined activity pattern, trail use, trap success, and ...
    • Offshore distribution of alewife, alosa-pseudoharengus, and blueback herring, alosa-aestivalis, along the Atlantic coast 

      Neves, R. J. (National Marine Fisheries Service Scientific Publication Office, 1981)
      This study of the offshore distribution of alewife, Alosa pseudoharengus, and blueback herring, A. aestivalis, in the Atlantic Ocean was based on catch data collected over the 16-year period 1963-78 during bottom trawl ...
    • Ospreys Use Bald Eagle Nests in Chesapeake Bay Area 

      Therres, Glenn D.; Chandler, Sheri K. (Raptor Research Foundation, 1993)
      Ospreys (Pandion haliaetus) and Bald Eagles (Haliaeetus leucocephalus) share similar breeding habitat in the Chesapeake Bay area and elsewhere. The nests of these species are similar in size and appearance. Ospreys typically ...
    • Overcoming barriers in evaluating outbreaks of diarrheal disease in resource poor settings: assessment of recurrent outbreaks in Chobe District, Botswana 

      Alexander, Kathleen A.; Blackburn, Jason K (2013-08-26)
      Background Diarrheal illness remains a leading cause of global morbidity and mortality, with the majority of deaths occurring in children <5 years of age. Lack of resources often prohibits the evaluation of outbreak ...
    • Pangolins in global camera trap data: Implications for ecological monitoring 

      Khwaja, Hannah; Buchan, Claire; Wearn, Oliver R.; Bahaa-el-din, Laila; Bantlin, Drew; Bernard, Henry; Bitariho, Robert; Bohm, Torsten; Borah, Jimmy; Brodie, Jedediah; Chutipong, Wanlop; du Preez, Byron; Ebang-Mbele, Alex; Edwards, Sarah; Fairet, Emilie; Frechette, Jackson L.; Garside, Adrian; Gibson, Luke; Giordano, Anthony; Gopi, Govindan Veeraswami; Granados, Alys; Gubbi, Sanjay; Harich, Franziska; Haurez, Barbara; Havmoller, Rasmus W.; Helmy, Olga; Isbell, Lynne A.; Jenks, Kate; Kalle, Riddhika; Kamjing, Anucha; Khamcha, Daphawan; Kiebou-Opepa, Cisquet; Kinnaird, Margaret; Kruger, Caroline; Laudisoit, Anne; Lynam, Antony; Macdonald, Suzanne E.; Mathai, John; Sienne, Julia Metsio; Meier, Amelia; Mills, David; Mohd-Azlan, Jayasilan; Nakashima, Yoshihiro; Nash, Helen C.; Ngoprasert, Dusit; Nguyen, An; O'Brien, Tim; Olson, David; Orbell, Christopher; Poulsen, John; Ramesh, Tharmalingam; Reeder, DeeAnn; Reyna, Rafael; Rich, Lindsey N.; Rode-Margono, Johanna; Rovero, Francesco; Sheil, Douglas; Shirley, Matthew H.; Stratford, Ken; Sukumal, Niti; Suwanrat, Saranphat; Tantipisanuh, Naruemon; Tilker, Andrew; Van Berkel, Tim; Van der Weyde, Leanne K.; Varney, Matthew; Weise, Florian; Wiesel, Ingrid; Wilting, Andreas; Wong, Seth T.; Waterman, Carly; Challender, Daniel W. S. (2019-10)
      Despite being heavily exploited, pangolins (Pholidota: Manidae) have been subject to limited research, resulting in a lack of reliable population estimates and standardised survey methods for the eight extant species. ...
    • Papillomavirus in Wildlife 

      Frias-De-Diego, Alba; Jara, Manuel; Escobar, Luis E. (2019-10-25)
      Papillomaviruses (PV) are associated with epithelial malignancies in animals, including cancer in humans. Limited knowledge exists regarding the evolutionary history of non-human PV. We assessed the phylogeography of PV ...
    • Partner PhDs: dual careers in grad school and beyond 

      Homyack, J. A.; Gorman, T. A. (Ecological Society of America, 2009-04)
    • Perspective: Climate Change and the Relocation of Indonesia’s Capital to Borneo 

      Van de Vuurst, Paige; Escobar, Luis E. (Frontiers Media, 2020-01-30)
      Indonesia has recently announced the relocation of the country’s capital from the island of Java to the island of Borneo. Java’s limited sustainability is evident from extreme deforestation, biodiversity loss, intense road ...
    • Physical Condition, Sex, and Age-Class of Eastern Red-Backed Salamanders (Plethodon cinereus) in Forested and Open Habitats of West Virginia, USA 

      Riedel, Breanna L.; Russell, Kevin R.; Ford, W. Mark (Hindawi, 2012-07-15)
      Nonforested habitats such as open fields and pastures have been considered unsuitable for desiccation-prone woodland salamanders such as the Eastern Red-backed Salamander (Plethodon cinereus). Recent research has suggested ...