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dc.contributorVirginia Tech
dc.contributor.authorFletcher, R. J. Jr.
dc.contributor.authorRobertson, B. A.
dc.contributor.authorEvans, J.
dc.contributor.authorDoran, P. J.
dc.contributor.authorAlavalapati, J. R. R.
dc.contributor.authorSchemske, D. W.
dc.date.accessioned2013-12-03T15:09:39Z
dc.date.available2013-12-03T15:09:39Z
dc.date.issued2011-04
dc.identifier.citationRobert J Fletcher Jr, Bruce A Robertson, Jason Evans, Patrick J Doran, Janaki RR Alavalapati, and Douglas W Schemske 2011. Biodiversity conservation in the era of biofuels: risks and opportunities. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment 9: 161–168. http://dx.doi.org/10.1890/090091en_US
dc.identifier.issn1540-9295
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/24366
dc.description.abstractGrowing demand for alternative energy sources has contributed to increased biofuel production, but the effects on biodiversity of land-use change to biofuel crops remain unclear. Using a meta-analysis for crops being used or considered in the US, we find that vertebrate diversity and abundance are generally lower in biofuel crop habitats relative to the non-crop habitats that these crops may replace. Diversity effects are greater for corn than for pine and poplar, and birds of conservation concern experience greater negative effects from corn than species of less concern. Yet conversion of row-crop fields to grasslands dedicated to biofuels could increase local diversity and abundance of birds. To minimize impacts of biofuel crops on biodiversity, we recommend management practices that reduce chemical inputs, increase heterogeneity within fields, and delay harvests until bird breeding has ceased. We encourage research that will move us toward a sustainable biofuels economy, including the use of native plants, development of robust environmental criteria for evaluating biofuel crops, and integrated cost-benefit analysis of potential land-use change.en_US
dc.description.sponsorshipNational Council on Science and the Environment
dc.description.sponsorshipDOE Great Lakes Bioenergy Research Center DE-FC02-07ER64494
dc.description.sponsorshipDepartment of Energy
dc.description.sponsorshipMichigan State University
dc.description.sponsorshipNature Conservancy's Great Lakes Fund for Partnership in Conservation Science and Economics
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherEcological Society of America
dc.subjectUnited States
dc.subjectagricultural landscape
dc.subjectplantation forests
dc.subjecthabitat loss
dc.subjectland-use
dc.subjectbioenergy
dc.subjectcorn
dc.subjectmetaanalysis
dc.subjectswitchgrass
dc.subjectbiomass
dc.titleBiodiversity conservation in the era of biofuels: risks and opportunities
dc.typeArticle
dc.identifier.urlhttp://www.esajournals.org/doi/pdf/10.1890/090091
dc.date.accessed2018-11-18
dc.title.serialFrontiers in Ecology and the Environment
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.1890/090091


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