Recent Submissions

  • Mother Nature Does Not Bargain or Forgive 

    Cairns, John (Virginia Tech, 2014-01-22)
    Billions of individuals caused the present climate change problem; therefore, billions of individuals should be able to correct it by altering their lifestyles. This would involve using less fossil fuels for transportation, ...
  • Garrt Hardin's Lifeboat Ethics Applied to Environmental Migrants 

    Cairns, John (The Social Contract, 2014-01-22)
    As human population grows, it begins to exceed the Earth s carrying capacity. Although very few countries have surplus capacity, or are under capacity, desperate people migrate to nations that appear to have a surplus of ...
  • Life Boat Ethics Revisited: What Should Be the Reaction to the Maldives Crisis 

    Cairns, John (Asian Journal of Experimental Sciences, 2014-01-22)
    The climate change crisis and exponential population growth have now reached a point where thinking about the unthinkable cannot be postponed. Over 30 years ago, Garrett Hardin used a lifeboat metaphor to describe the ...
  • King Midas and the Money Touch 

    Cairns, John (Virginia Tech, 2014-01-22)
    King Midas is known in myths and legends as the king who wished that all he touched might become gold. Modern humans are just as greedy as King Midas. In their efforts to make a bigger profit, they are destroying the ...
  • Can Humans Respond to a Long-term Shortage of Renewable Resources 

    Cairns, John (Virginia Tech, 2014-01-22)
    If humanity wishes to continue to do business as usual, it must learn to adapt to the consequences of climate change and the decreased availability of renewable resources. Responding to rapid climate change will take the ...
  • It's the Biosphere, Stupid! 

    Cairns, John (Virginia Tech, 2014-01-22)
    The biosphere is humankind s life support system and the source of the resources that drive exponential growth. Without the biospheric life support system functioning in a way that is favorable to humans, humankind could ...
  • The Non-Pesticide Silent Spring 

    Cairns, John (Virginia Tech, 2014-01-22)
    This commentary was a result of John Cairns, Jr. witnessing the blocking of the US Senate resolution to honor Rachel Carson on what would have been her 100th birthday in 2007. When Carson s controversial book Silent Spring, ...
  • Natural Law/ Human Law 

    Cairns, John (Virginia Tech, 2014-01-22)
    This commentary is a response to Cormac Cullinan s 2008 article in Orion. In the article, Cullinan writes, _In the eyes of American law today, most of the community of life on Earth remains mere property, natural «resources ...
  • Nature's Way: Quantity First, Quality Next 

    Cairns, John (Virginia Tech, 2014-01-22)
    In nature, each species produces a larger quantity of offspring than needed for replacement. From this larger quantity, nature selects quality, or the fittest individuals for the specific ecologic niche the species holds. ...
  • Imprinting: Theater of the Absurd or ? 

    Cairns, John (Virginia Tech, 2014-01-22)
    Rampant individualism is defined as the refusal to admit that one is part of the interdependent web of life, which is the common relationship between humans and the biospheric life support system. The term _theater of the ...
  • Why is Humankind Eliminating its Future 

    Cairns, John (Virginia Tech, 2014-01-22)
    Scientific evidence on climate change, including global warming, is more abundant than ever, but politicians and citizens are rejecting or attacking scientists for the evidence they have found. Science is reality based on ...
  • Incorporating Environmental Variability from Rapid Climate Change into Ecotoxicology Tests 

    Cairns, John (Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 2014-01-22)
    As climate, similar to most complex, multivariate systems, approaches disequilibrium, variability of critical attributes increases significantly. In order for ecotoxicological testing to be reliable, it should incorporate ...
  • Sustainability Ethics and the 2st Century Human Lifestyle 

    Cairns, John (Virginia Tech, 2014-01-22)
    Sustainability ethics is the developing effort to ascertain the prerequisites for sustainable use of the planet and also determines the environmental literacy level necessary to persuade people to live sustainably. However, ...
  • Integrating Information from Different Levels of Biological Organization 

    Cairns, John (Asian Journal of Experimental Sciences, 2014-01-22)
    Global ecological problems as well as regional problems require information from a variety of levels of biological organization from single species to ecosystems. Both scientists and decision makers benefit from synthesis ...
  • Can kindness and compassion survive a violent cutback in human population size? 

    Cairns, John (Virginia Tech, 2014-01-22)
    The severity of the latest natural disasters and the increased probability of other major disruptions due to climate change mandate further examination of the consequences of such events on human society. Current unsustainable ...
  • information, Knowledge, Science, and Spirituality 

    Cairns, John (Virginia Tech, 2014-01-22)
    Evolutionary spirituality is defined as an integral way of thinking and being in a world grounded in a personal, meaningful experience of the epic of evolution as one s own creation myth, or cosmological sacred story. ...
  • Some Consequences of the Inability to Halt Global Climate Change 

    Cairns, John (Asian Journal of Experimental Sciences, 2014-01-22)
    What kind of a world does humankind want? If it is one that closely resembles the one we have it is essential to avoid the consequences of _business as usual. The biological diversity now present constitutes the biospheric ...
  • Humankind's Ultimate Security 

    Cairns, John (Asian Journal of Experimental Sciences, 2014-01-22)
    While humankind is obsessed with economic growth, terrorism, and unverified rumors of weapons of mass destruction, a much greater threat to both individual and societal security is developing with frightening rapidity the ...
  • Human Alteration of Evolutionary Processes 

    Cairns, John (Online Proceedings of the Symposium: The Future of Life and the Future of our Civilization, 2014-01-22)
    Soviet climaologist Budyko has remarked: _temperature and rainfall are the two major variables of life on Earth. Human society is changing both of these phenomena markedly, along with many other key variables that affect ...
  • Human Effects Upon Revolutionary Processes in the Biosphere 

    Cairns, John (National Academy of Sciences, 2014-01-22)
    Persuasive evidence indicates that the biosphere is experiencing a major biotic crisis and even if humankind ceases stress on natural systems, the crisis will most likely disrupt or alter the surviving ecosystems. The new ...

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