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dc.contributorVirginia Tech
dc.contributor.authorDuffey, Kiyah J.
dc.contributor.authorSutherland, Lisa A.
dc.date.accessioned2014-01-15T14:16:37Z
dc.date.available2014-01-15T14:16:37Z
dc.date.issued2013-12-04
dc.identifier.citationDuffey, Kiyah J.; Sutherland, Lisa A. 2013. "Adult Cranberry Beverage Consumers Have Healthier Macronutrient Intakes and Measures of Body Composition Compared to Non-Consumers: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2005-2008." Nutrients 2013, 5(12), 4938-4949; doi:10.3390/nu5124938
dc.identifier.issn2072-6643
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/24856
dc.description.abstractFlavonoids, present in high levels in cranberries, are potent bioactives known for their health-promoting benefits, but cranberry beverages (CB) are not typically recommended as part of a healthy diet. We examine the association between CB consumption with macronutrient intake and weight status. Data for US adults (≥19 years, n = 10,891) were taken from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) Survey 2005–2008. Total CB consumption was measured over two non-consecutive 24-h dietary recalls. Linear and logistic regression models adjusting for important covariates were used to examine predicted differences between CB consumers and non-consumers on macronutrient and anthropometric outcomes. Results are weighted to be nationally representative. CB consumers (n = 581) were older (>50 year) non-Hispanic black females. They consumed an average 221 mL (7.5 oz) CB per day. In fully adjusted models CB consumers (vs. non-consumers) had higher carbohydrates and total sugars and lower percent energy from protein and total fat (all p < 0.001), but no difference in total energy. A significantly higher proportion of CB consumers were predicted to be normal weight (BMI < 25 kg/m2; p = 0.001) and had to have lower waist circumferences (p = 0.001). Although there was not a significant trend across level of CB intake, low and middle level CB consumers compared to non-consumers were more likely to be normal weight (p < 0.001) and less likely to be overweight/obese (BMI ≥ 25 kg/m2, p < 0.001). Despite having slightly higher daily macronutrient intakes, CB consumers have more desirable anthropometric measures compared to non-consumers.
dc.format.mimetypeapplication/pdf
dc.language.isoen_US
dc.publisherMDPI
dc.rightsCreative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
dc.rights.urihttps://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
dc.subjectadults
dc.subjectobesity
dc.subjectcranberry|sugar sweetened beverages
dc.subjectflavonoids
dc.titleAdult Cranberry Beverage Consumers Have Healthier Macronutrient Intakes and Measures of Body Composition Compared to Non-Consumers: National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 2005–2008en_US
dc.typeArticle
dc.identifier.urlhttp://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/5/12/4938
dc.date.accessed2014-01-06
dc.title.serialNutrients
dc.identifier.doihttps://doi.org/10.3390/nu5124938
dc.type.dcmitypeText


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Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International
License: Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International