Tunable self-biased magnetoelectric response in homogenous laminates
Yang, S. C.
Apo, D. J.
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In this study, we demonstrate self-biased magnetoelectric effect in homogenous two-phase magnetostrictive-piezoelectric laminates. Our results illustrate the method for tuning the magnitude of self-bias effect and provide understanding behind the hysteretic changes. We model this phenomenon by considering the magnetization hysteresis with shape-induced demagnetization effect. The self-biased response was found to be directly related to the nature of magnetization and can be tuned by variation in demagnetization state and the resultant differential magnetic flux distribution. These results present significant advancement toward development of AC magnetic field sensor and magnetoelectric composite based on-chip devices by eliminating the need for DC bias. (C) 2012 American Institute of Physics. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1063/1.4769365]