Multiferroic epitaxial Pb(Fe1/2Nb1/2)O-3 thin films: A relaxor ferroelectric/weak ferromagnet with a variable structure
Viehland, Dwight D.
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The authors report the structural, ferroelectric, and ferromagnetic properties of Pb(Fe1/2Nb1/2)O-3 epitaxial thin layers grown on (001), (110), and (111) SrTiO3 substrates by pulsed-laser deposition; films were of sufficient resistivity to enable high-field P-E measurements. Findings are as follows: epitaxial strain results in (i) a dramatic increase in the spontaneous polarization P-s; (ii) a lattice structure that is dependent on substrate orientation; (iii) a slim-loop P-E response and relaxor ferroelectric characteristics in the dielectric constant, both of which are nearly independent of crystallographic orientation; and (iv) a weak ferromagnetic moment, which is dependent on epitaxial mismatch. (c) 2006 American Institute of Physics.