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Thermal noise cancellation in symmetric magnetoelectric bimorph laminates
We have found a symmetric Terfenol-D/Pb(Zr,Ti)03 (PZT) bimorph magnetoelectric (ME) laminate, which operates in a bending mode under an unsymmetrical (U-shaped) magnetic bias. It has a giant ME voltage coefficient of about 70 V/cm Oe at resonance. Unlike other symmetric ME laminate structures, the symmetric bimorph structure has the capability to reject thermal noise from a magnetic signal, due to its back-to-back structure. The mechanism for the thermal noise cancellation capability is that the laminate operates in a bending mode (out charges of reverse sign), whereas the thermal noise is contained in a longitudinal mode (out charges have the same sign, allowing cancellation by differential detection). (C) 2008 American Institute of Physics.