The kinetics of analyte capture on nanoscale sensors
Solomon, J. E.
Paul, Mark R.
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This article presents a number of kinetic analyses related to binding processes relevant to capture of target analyte species in nanoscale cantilever-type devices designed to detect small concentrations of biomolecules. The overall analyte capture efficiency is a crucial measure of the ultimate sensitivity of such devices, and a detailed kinetic analysis tells us how rapidly such measurements may be made. We have analyzed the capture kinetics under a variety of conditions, including the possibility of so-called surface-enhanced ligand capture. One of the modalities studied requires ligand capture through a cross-linking mechanism, and it was found that this mode may provide a robust and sensitive approach to biomolecular detection. For the two modalities studied, we find that detection of specific biomolecules down to concentration levels of 1 nM or less appear to be quite feasible for the device configurations studied.