Magnetoelectric laminated composites and devices
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The ME susceptibility (ï ¡me) is the fundamental property that describes the coupling between the polarization and magnetization of a ME media. It is a complex quantity ( ). I discuss the relationship of the ME susceptibility between the magnetic permeability, dielectric permittivity of the materials, and the widely used ME voltage coefficient. The shape of the magnetic layer has a large impact on the giant permeability due to shape demagnetization effects. A long, thin and narrow shape increases the ME voltage coefficient and decreases the required optimum DC bias. The resonance frequency of Terfenol-D/PZT laminates can be continuously tuned by magnetic field over a wide range. This large tunability is due to the large magnetostriction of Terfenol-D. It results in a dramatic increase in the bandwidth over which devices might take advantage of the resonance enhanced ME coefficient.
Four device applications have also been studied based on the giant ME effect of laminate composites. (i) ME laminates offer much potential for low-frequency (10-2 to 103 Hz) detection of minute magnetic fields (10-12Tesla or below) in a passive mode of operation. With a wrapped active coil, the Metglas/PZT laminates are also capable of detecting changes of 0.8 nano-Tesla in DC magnetic fields without an applied DC bias. (ii) A geomagnetic field sensor is shown to have high sensitivity to variations in Earthâ s field of HDC=0.8nano-Tesla. It could offer potential applications in global positioning. (iii) Under electro-mechanical resonance drive conditions, ME laminates have been shown to have a high gyration effect. These findings indicate the potential existence of a fifth fundamental network element. (iv) A multimodal system has been developed for simultaneously harvesting mechanical vibration and magnetic energies.
- Doctoral Dissertations