A Distributed Parameter Approach to Optimal Filtering and Estimation with Mobile Sensor Networks
Rautenberg, Carlos Nicolas
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In this thesis we develop a rigorous mathematical framework for analyzing and approximating optimal sensor placement problems for distributed parameter systems and apply these results to PDE problems defined by the convection-diffusion equations. The mathematical problem is formulated as a distributed parameter optimal control problem with integral Riccati equations as constraints. In order to prove existence of the optimal sensor network and to construct a framework in which to develop rigorous numerical integration of the Riccati equations, we develop a theory based on Bochner integrable solutions of the Riccati equations. In particular, we focus on $\I_p$-valued continuous solutions of the Bochner integral Riccati equation. We give new results concerning the smoothing effect achieved by multiplying a general strongly continuous mapping by operators in $\I_p$. These smoothing results are essential to the proofs of the existence of Bochner integrable solutions of the Riccati integral equations. We also establish that multiplication of continuous $\I_p$-valued functions improves convergence properties of strongly continuous approximating mappings and specifically approximating $C_0$-semigroups. We develop a Galerkin type numerical scheme for approximating the solutions of the integral Riccati equation and prove convergence of the approximating solutions in the $\I_p$-norm. Numerical examples are given to illustrate the theory.
- Doctoral Dissertations