Morphology and taxonomy of the first instars of the genus Cerococcus Comstock (Homoptera:Coccoidea:Cerococcidae).
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The first instars of 31 species of Cerococcus are included in this study. Each species studied is fully described, including measurements of morphological characters, and illustrated.
Cerococcus first instars were found to have well developed legs; well developed mouthparts with a 3-segmented labium; 6-segmented antennae; 2 pairs of spiracles with associated quinquelocular pores; acornshaped spiracular setae or regular setae-shaped spiracular setae; well developed anal lobes which are armed with spines on the inner margin and terminated by long apical setae; large conspicuous dorsal B-shaped pores in longitudinal rows; dorsal trapezoid-shaped anal plate; and 6 setae on the anal ring.
The classification of Cerococcus first instars generally agreed with the classification of the adult females, and keys are provided for separation of the first instars studied.
Species of the genus Cerococcus were found to be morphologically distinct from the species in the genera Asterococcus and Solenophora. It appears that the genus Cerococcus is only distantly related to the genera in the families Asterolecaniidae, Eriococcidae, and Lecanodiaspidiae.
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