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dc.contributor.authorMatheson, Jennifer L.en_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-03-14T20:11:04Z
dc.date.available2014-03-14T20:11:04Z
dc.date.issued2005-04-08en_US
dc.identifier.otheretd-04272005-032714en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/27370
dc.description.abstractTwelve-Step programs of substance abuse recovery are the most popular and most used mutual-help model in the U.S. One of the pivotal aspects of Twelve-Step is the often controversial idea of powerlessness. While a few recent dissertations have been conducted to look at issues related to women in Twelve-Step, most of what has been published in the literature on powerlessness in Twelve-Step is hypothetical, anecdotal, and theoretical. There is debate about the usefulness of the concept of powerless, especially for women in recovery, though no research was found specifically exploring this issue. The current study examines the experiences of powerlessness among women who are using Twelve-Step substance abuse recovery. Because experiences of powerlessness are abstract and may be difficult to articulate, a data collection method called ZMET (Zaltman, 2004) was utilized. This method helped women discuss their thoughts and feelings about powerlessness through the use of images of representative metaphors and analogies. Participants were 13 women who were in various stages of recovery using Twelve-Step. In-depth interviews were used to understand womenâ s experiences of powerlessness in their recovery while two surveys were used to determine womenâ s levels of affiliation with Twelve Step programs and their level of agreement with the First Step of Twelve Step. Overall, women felt positively about powerlessness in their recovery and felt it provided a sense of relief. Eleven of the 13 women felt powerlessness was an important aspect of their recovery while two felt it was either not relevant or not something they fully embraced. In exploring the metaphors women had for their experiences of powerlessness, a number of themes emerged. Many of the metaphors indicated processes while some were static. Themes also included metaphors of current events, nature, and babies. Other themes were: Higher Power; a general sense of powerlessness over many things in life and; choosing not to share certain experiences in Twelve-Step meetings. Implications for women in recovery, clinicians, and future research are included as well as strengths and limitations of the study.en_US
dc.publisherVirginia Techen_US
dc.relation.haspartfinaldissertationetdformat.pdfen_US
dc.rightsI hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dissertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to Virginia Tech or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report.en_US
dc.subjectpowerlessnessen_US
dc.subjectmetaphoren_US
dc.subjectsubstance abuseen_US
dc.subjectwomenen_US
dc.subjectTwelve-Stepen_US
dc.titleUsing Metaphors to Explore the Experiences of Powerlessness Among Women in Twelve-Step Substance Abuse Recoveryen_US
dc.typeDissertationen_US
dc.contributor.departmentHuman Developmenten_US
dc.description.degreePh. D.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh. D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineHuman Developmenten_US
dc.contributor.committeechairMcCollum, Eric E.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberRosen, Karen H.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberMeszaros, Peggy S.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberPiercy, Fred P.en_US
dc.identifier.sourceurlhttp://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-04272005-032714/en_US
dc.date.sdate2005-04-27en_US
dc.date.rdate2006-04-29
dc.date.adate2005-04-29en_US


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