Ontogenic Morphology and Enzyme Activities of the Intestinal Tract of the Nile Tilapia, Oreochromis Niloticus
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Appearance, localization and distribution of intestinal enzymes were observed in the fish at hatch and at mature stages using enzyme histochemistry. At hatch (day 0), most gut enzymes were already present in the intestinal brush border. As the fish matured, activities of the enzymes were widely distributed along the intestinal tract. The early appearance and broad distribution of activities of all studied intestinal enzymes may be one factor contributing to the rapid growth rate characteristic of tilapia, which differs markedly from other fish species.
To investigate the possibility of using alfalfa as a potential protein food replacement in tilapia, the effects of different levels of alfalfa in feeds on growth and intestinal enzyme activities were observed in the fish aged 3-15 weeks. Results demonstrated that replacing 20% and 40% of a commercial diet with alfalfa had an overall negative effect on body and intestinal growth, as well as the intestinal enzyme activities from age 3-9 weeks. Thus, using alfalfa as a food replacement is not optimal for fish of these young ages, but may yet be suitable for older fish.
- Doctoral Dissertations