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Modeling, Analysis, and Experiments of Inter Fiber Yarn Compaction Effects in Braided Composite Actuators
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The braided composite actuator is a pressure-driven muscle-like actuator capable of large displacements as well as large blocking forces. It consists of an elastomeric tube reinforced by a sleeve braided by high performance fibers. In addition to the actuation properties, this actuator can also exhibit a large change in stiffness through simple valve control when the working fluid has a high bulk modulus. Several analytical models have been previously developed that capture the geometrical and material nonlinearities, the compliance of the inner liner, and entrapped air in the fluid. The inter fiber yarn compaction in the fiber layer, which is shown to reduce the effective closed-valve stiffness, is studied. A new analytical model for uniformly deformed actuators is developed to capture the compaction effect. This model considers the inter fiber yarn compaction effect and the fiber extensibility as well as the material and geometric nonlinearities. Analysis and experimental results demonstrate that the new compaction model can improve the prediction of the response behavior of the actuator. The compaction model is improved by considering the yarn bending stiffness. The governing equations are derived and the solution algorithm is presented.
- Doctoral Dissertations