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dc.contributor.authorCarr, Paul Gerarden_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-03-14T20:18:53Z
dc.date.available2014-03-14T20:18:53Z
dc.date.issued2000-11-10en_US
dc.identifier.otheretd-11222000-095443en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/29710
dc.description.abstract(ABSTRACT) One of the prominent trends in business organizations today is the attention placed on individual personality traits to predict job performance. Distinct personality characteristics of members of various work groups must be carefully considered so that the assignment of individuals to work teams results in successful behaviors and performance improvements. The particular task assignment to various work groups, and thus assignments to individuals, will affect performance. It is critical that these individuals possess both the abilities and behavioral preferences to create conditions that promote the highest probability for success. Contingent variables will always be present in any decision-based action, particularly in complex situations, however, when an individual holds a native preference for a successful pattern of behaviors in a certain task's realm, higher overall organizational performance may be expected. As such, the current study investigates the impact of various personality traits and patterns on critical success behaviors in the Engineering and Architectural profession's project design services. The four project service categories measured in the Critical Success Factors Questionnaire are: Planning (Conceptual Design), Design (Contract Documents), Construction (Administration) and Firm Management duties. The measurement of the individual personalities is accomplished in this investigation through the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator ® (MBTI).. This psychometric instrument measures one's attitudes in dealing with the outside world, as well as one's preferences for data collection and decision making. On an individual basis, it was predicted that persons with personalities whose preferences were towards openness to new ideas, and resistant to closure of the discovery process, would perform well on planning or conceptual design tasks. It was predicted that those with a preference towards compliance with rules, regulations and thorough adherence to established standards, would outperform on tasks of detailed design. The research work also offered a prediction of high performance from persons with a preference for innovative ideas and openness to alternatives in the administration of construction, and predicted a contrast with personalities that vary from this pattern. Of the 85-person sample, it was found that those possessing a preference for Intuitive data collection (MBTI Dichotomy, N) and Perceiving structure, (MBTI Dichotomy, P), outperformed individuals with preferences for Sensing and Judging, (MBTI Dichotomies S and J), in both Planning and Construction Administration. However, professionals with a personality favoring Judging, outperformed in the duties associated with the Design Phase. Contrary to predictions, the decision processes captured in the Thinking/Feeling MBTI® dichotomy (MBTI, T/F) did not meditate the performance in any of the four service categories. The results of the Research indicate a greater utility for personality measures as a diagnostic tool for team and individual performance interventions, rather than a tool for team selection or team-building. The implications of the results of this research, and recommendations for future investigations are discussed.en_US
dc.publisherVirginia Techen_US
dc.relation.haspart05PCarrAppendices.pdfen_US
dc.relation.haspart03PCarrAcknowledge.pdfen_US
dc.relation.haspart01PCarrTitle.pdfen_US
dc.relation.haspart04PCarrBody.pdfen_US
dc.relation.haspart02PCarrAbstract.pdfen_US
dc.rightsI hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dissertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to Virginia Tech or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report.en_US
dc.subjectSuccessen_US
dc.subjectBehavioren_US
dc.subjectCritical Incidentsen_US
dc.subjectPersonalityen_US
dc.titleAn Investigation of the Relationship between Personality Traits and Performance for Engineering and Architectural Professionals Providing Design Services to the Building Sector of the Construction Industryen_US
dc.typeDissertationen_US
dc.contributor.departmentCivil Engineeringen_US
dc.description.degreePh. D.en_US
thesis.degree.namePh. D.en_US
thesis.degree.leveldoctoralen_US
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineCivil Engineeringen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberCross, Lawrence H.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberAlvarez, Richard S.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberBeliveau, Yvan J.en_US
dc.identifier.sourceurlhttp://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-11222000-095443/en_US
dc.contributor.committeecochairde la Garza, Jesus M.en_US
dc.contributor.committeecochairVorster, Michael C.en_US
dc.date.sdate2000-11-22en_US
dc.date.rdate2001-11-28
dc.date.adate2000-11-28en_US


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