Numerical Modeling for the Solute Uptake from Groundwater by Plants-Plant Uptake Package
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The results indicating the followings: 1) the width of the phytoremediation system, WET, has a limited effect on the solute mass-removal; 2) high tree density close to the contaminant source has a greater effect on solute mass removal relative to uniform density of trees planted over the entire plume; 3) the width of the ET area will have only a slight effect on the mass removal if the TSCF value is small; 4) as the value of TSCF gets lower, the efficiency of solute mass uptake is lower, and thus the solute concentration in groundwater is higher regardless of the quantity of water transpired; 5) dynamic steady-state plume dimensions (specially the plume length) are affected by the groundwater in-flux, which will control the dimensions and density of a phyto system; 6) splitting the phyto system into two halves does not have the same outcome of having one piece of area closer to the contamination site; 7) using a phyto system after the contamination source is removed led to increasing the solute concentration in the areas of the trees and decreases the concentration in the areas downstream the trees.
The alternative model gives more options for simulation of solute mass uptake by plants by making use of field and lab data between the solute dissolved concentration in groundwater C, and solute mass in tree's core M to select a modeling category of three: Linear (ISO-1), Freundlich (ISO-2), and Langmuir (ISO-3). Each modeling option depends on the designer selection according to the fitted equation parameters between, C and, M. In terms of conservative results, ISO-1, and ISO-2 give less mass removal results than ISO-3 in case of sources with low concentrations. ISO-2, and ISO-3 give less mass removal results than ISO-1 in case of sources with high concentrations.
- Doctoral Dissertations