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We consider the problem of controlling a thermal convection flow by feedback. The system is governed by the Boussinesq approximation of the coupled set of Navier-Stokes and heat equations. The control is applied through Dirichlet boundary conditions.
We concentrate on a two-dimensional mode and use a semidiscrete Galerkin scheme for numerical computations. We construct both a linear control and a non-linear quadratic control and apply them to the full non-linear model. First, we test these controllers on a one-mode approximation. The convergence of the numerical scheme is analyzed. We also consider LQR control for a two-dimensional heat equation.