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dc.contributor.authorHanna, John Nabilen_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-03-14T20:30:27Z
dc.date.available2014-03-14T20:30:27Z
dc.date.issued2001-12-14en_US
dc.identifier.otheretd-01112002-105333en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/30894
dc.description.abstractTHE NUCLEARIZATION OF IRAN: MOTIVATIONS, INTENTIONS AND AMERICAâ S RESPONSES John N. Hanna ABSTRACT This research investigates the strategic intentions behind the Iranian state's programs for acquiring nuclear weapons. Using Graham Allison's Rational Actor Model of national decision-making, this thesis investigates three questions: 1) Iranâ s motivations for obtaining nuclear weapons; 2) Iran's strategies for actual use of nuclear weapons; and, 3) alternative political frameworks for the U.S. to use with Iran to minimize the negative effects of a nuclearized Iran. This study asserts that Iran would most likely acquire nuclear weapons for the purposes of self-reliance, a greater international voice, to make up for deficiencies in conventional weapons, and for deterrence. Some scholars argue that since Iran should be designated a "rogue" state, it may become aggressive or hostile once obtaining nuclear weapons. Yet, Iranâ s political actions actually seem to have become increasingly pragmatic. Hence, it appears that Iran would use this arsenal to induce caution among its rivals to avoid major wars, as well as a tool for deterrence. While current political differences between Iran and America are considerable, this research recommends pursuing greater political engagement with Tehran, focusing on mutual benefits. American policymakers should implement policies which rely on positive inducements for change as well as sanctions for non-compliance. If no rapprochement takes place prior to Iran's nuclearization, however, the U.S. will need to employ tactics for minimizing the significance of Iran having nuclear weapons. This research suggests that Washington could begin by implementing economic, technical and material sanctions, establishing a Middle East missile defense system, and beefing-up U.S. coastal defenses.en_US
dc.publisherVirginia Techen_US
dc.relation.haspartHanna_thesis.pdfen_US
dc.rightsI hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dissertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to Virginia Tech or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report.en_US
dc.subjectWeapons of Mass Destructionen_US
dc.subjectNational Securityen_US
dc.subjectMiddle East Policyen_US
dc.subjectIranen_US
dc.subjectNuclear Weaponsen_US
dc.titleThe Nuclearization of Iran: Motivations, Intentions and America's Responsesen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.departmentPolitical Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Artsen_US
thesis.degree.levelmastersen_US
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen_US
dc.contributor.committeechairLuke, Timothy W.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberBorer, Douglas A.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberToal, Gerarden_US
dc.identifier.sourceurlhttp://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-01112002-105333/en_US
dc.date.sdate2002-01-11en_US
dc.date.rdate2003-01-15
dc.date.adate2002-01-15en_US


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