Experimental Investigation of a Flush-Walled, Diamond-Shaped Fuel Injector for High Mach Number Scramjets
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The results of the investigation can be summarized as follows. For the baseline case, the aligned diamond injector penetrated 44% higher into the crossflow than did the round injector. The addition of yaw angle increased the crossflow penetration to 53% higher than the round injector. The aligned diamond injector produced a 34% wider jet than the round injector, while the addition of yaw angle somewhat reduced this widening effect to 26% wider than the round injector. The aligned and yawed diamond injectors exhibited 10% and 15% lower mixing efficiency than the round injector, respectively. The total pressure loss parameter of the aligned diamond was 22% lower than the round injector, while the addition of yaw angle improved the total pressure loss parameter to 34% lower than the round injector. For the lower mass flow (and momentum flux ratio) case, the diamond injector demonstrated 52% higher penetration and a 39% wider plume than the round injector. The mixing efficiency was nearly identical between the two injectors with just a 4% lower mixing efficiency for the diamond injector. The total pressure loss parameter of the diamond injector was 32% lower than round injector. These results confirm the conclusions of earlier, lower free stream Mach number and higher molecular weight injectant, studies that a slender diamond injector provides significant benefits for crossflow penetration and lower total pressure losses.
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