Solid State Synthesis of Bulk Amorphous Ni – 50AT% Ti Alloy
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The mechanical alloying (MA) process and hot isostatic pressing (HIP) were used to synthesize bulk amorphous Ni-Ti alloy as an alternative to the traditional methods of casting multi-component metallic alloys. Samples milled cryogenically for 10 hours provided a homogeneous lamella structure with spacing of 30-110 nm. X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy studies indicated that there were alloying and amorphous phase within the layers of the MA powder prior to annealing or HIPing. The amount of amorphous phase increased with time when the milled powder was annealed at a constant temperature and with temperature when annealing time was held constant. The microhardness of the powder correspondingly increased with the amount of amorphous formed in the powders. The HIPing of the MA powder produced a close to 100% amorphous compact with some dispersion of nanocrystals in the amorphous matrix. However, densification was not achieved.
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