Concatenation of Space-Time Block Codes with ConvolutionalCodes
Multiple antennas help in combating the destructive effects of fading as well as improve the spectral efficiency of a communication system. Receive diversity techniques like maximal ratio receive combining have been popular means of introducing multiple antennas into communication systems. Space-time block codes present a way of introducing transmit diversity into the communication system with similar complexity and performance as maximal ratio receive combining. In this thesis we study the performance of space-time block codes in Rayleigh fading channel. In particular, the quasi-static assumption on the fading channel is removed to study how the space-time block coded system behaves in fast fading. In this context, the complexity versus performance trade-off for a space-time block coded receiver is studied. As a means to improve the performance of space-time block coded systems concatenation by convolutional codes is introduced. The improvement in the diversity order by the introduction of convolutional codes into the space-time block coded system is discussed. A general analytic expression for the error performance of a space-time block coded system is derived. This expression is utilized to obtain general expressions for the error performance of convolutionally concatenated space-time block coded systems utilizing both hard and soft decision decoding. Simulation results are presented and are compared with the analytical results.
- Masters Theses