Predicting Sediment Detachment and Channel Scour in the Process-Based Planning Model ANSWERS-2000
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The new model (ANSWERS-2000) was evaluated on three watersheds and its predictions were compared with the previous version of ANSWERS. On the largest watershed (2070 hectares), both models appeared to predict sediment loss adequately. On the second watershed (1053 hectares), ANSWERS-2000 improved sediment yield predictions compared to the original model. Neither model adequately described sediment loss from the smallest watershed (1.2 ha) used for validation. The sediment prediction errors were caused by errors in runoff prediction, despite an attempt to increase runoff prediction accuracy by calibration. The channel scour subroutine was evaluated by comparison with observed channel erosion data from the largest watershed. The new model appeared to consistently over predict scoured depth. However, more research is required to determine if the channel scour component is flawed or if the uncertainty in the observed channel scour data was large as suspected. Ultimately, the erosion prediction accuracy of the ANSWERS-2000 model was improved in two of the three upland evaluation data sets. The channel scour data set was not successfully validated. Model input parameter requirements increased significantly as a result of the new erosion and channel scour submodels.
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