Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorVan Houweling, Emily Anneen
dc.date.accessioned2014-03-14T20:35:00Zen
dc.date.available2014-03-14T20:35:00Zen
dc.date.issued2009-04-20en
dc.identifier.otheretd-05042009-104542en
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/32188en
dc.description.abstractThe research for this thesis was conducted in village of Samene, Mali from 2006-2008 where I served as a Peace Corps volunteer. In Samene I became interested in understanding the livelihood experience of men and women and the critical factors that led to positive livelihood outcomes for individuals. The formal research question addressed in this thesis is how assets and access (social rules and norms) influence livelihood diversification options for men and women. The research is based on a mixed method design consisting of extensive individual and household surveying, focus groups, interviews, and participant observation. The Livelihood Approach is utilized to describe the assets, access restrictions and diversification strategies that comprise the livelihoods for men and women in Samene. The findings shows that while diversification activities are important to both men and women, women are unable to access the more attractive high return activities that are dominated by men. Differences in the livelihood experiences between and within gendered groups are explained by looking at an individual's relationship to the critical assets, which are identified as the keys to accessing activities that lead to greater livelihood security. Based on the research findings a new livelihood framework is advanced to show the different pathways men and women take to sustain and improve their livelihoods. This framework incorporates the concepts and processes of social differentiation, social exclusion, historical motion, power and access that were found to be critical in explaining an individual's livelihood experience in Samene.en
dc.publisherVirginia Techen
dc.relation.haspartFinalThesis.pdfen
dc.rightsIn Copyrighten
dc.rights.urihttp://rightsstatements.org/vocab/InC/1.0/en
dc.subjectassetsen
dc.subjectMalien
dc.subjectlivelihoodsen
dc.subjectactivity diversificationen
dc.subjectGenderen
dc.subjectaccessen
dc.titleDiversification and Differentiation: The Livelihood Experience of Men and Women in Sameneen
dc.typeThesisen
dc.contributor.departmentUrban Affairs and Planningen
dc.description.degreeMaster of Urban and Regional Planningen
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Urban and Regional Planningen
thesis.degree.levelmastersen
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen
thesis.degree.disciplineUrban Affairs and Planningen
dc.contributor.committeechairBrowder, John O.en
dc.contributor.committeememberPoley, Lisaen
dc.contributor.committeememberMoore, Keith M.en
dc.identifier.sourceurlhttp://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-05042009-104542/en
dc.date.sdate2009-05-04en
dc.date.rdate2012-03-27en
dc.date.adate2009-05-07en


Files in this item

Thumbnail

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record