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dc.contributor.authorRose, Nicken_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-03-14T20:37:35Z
dc.date.available2014-03-14T20:37:35Z
dc.date.issued2005-05-05en_US
dc.identifier.otheretd-05192005-110138en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/32988
dc.description.abstractThe 2005 Dietary Guidelines for Americans recommend that Americans consume at least three servings of whole grain foods per day to reduce the risk of chronic disease and to help with weight maintenance. However, most Americans fall short of this recommendation. To reduce the prevalence of chronic disease, overweight, and obesity, health educators should promote healthy behaviors at young ages. The purpose of this study was to measure whole grain intake in college students and to determine its association with body mass index (BMI), a measure of overweight and obesity. The participants (N=164) were recruited from a freshmen level nutrition course (of 485 students) at Virginia Tech in spring of 2004. Students kept food records to record their usual diets for 14 days, and had their height and weight measured by the researchers in order to determine their BMI. On average, the students consumed 5.4±1.7 (mean±SD) servings of grain based foods per day, of which 13% (0.71±0.76 servings) were from whole grain foods. The students who were in the normal weight range (based on their BMI) consumed more servings of whole grains per day than the overweight and obese students (ANOVA with linear contrasts; p<0.05). Results from this study indicate that whole grain intake is low in college students, but similar to the national average, and higher in students with a normal body weight. Efforts should be made to help develop healthy eating habits in this population, including increasing whole grain intake.en_US
dc.publisherVirginia Techen_US
dc.relation.haspartNicholasRoseThesis.pdfen_US
dc.rightsI hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dissertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to Virginia Tech or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report.en_US
dc.subjectcollege studentsen_US
dc.subjectwhole grain foodsen_US
dc.subjectbody weighten_US
dc.titleWhole Grain Intake in College Students and its Association with Body Mass Indexen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.departmentHuman Nutrition, Foods, and Exerciseen_US
dc.description.degreeMaster of Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.levelmastersen_US
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineHuman Nutrition, Foods, and Exerciseen_US
dc.contributor.committeechairHosig, Kathryn Wrighten_US
dc.contributor.committeememberDavy, Brenda M.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberSerrano, Elena L.en_US
dc.identifier.sourceurlhttp://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-05192005-110138/en_US
dc.date.sdate2005-05-19en_US
dc.date.rdate2005-06-14
dc.date.adate2005-06-14en_US


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