An Evaluation of Transit signal Priority and SCOOT Adaptive Signal control
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The results of this study indicate that the prioritized vehicles usually benefit from any priority scheme considered. During the peak period, the simulations clearly indicate that these benefits are typically obtained at the expense of the general traffic. While buses experience reductions in delay, stops, fuel consumption, and emissions, the opposite typically occurs for the general traffic. Furthermore, since usually there are significantly more cars than buses, the negative impacts experienced by the general traffic during this period outweigh in most cases the benefits to the transit vehicles, thus yielding overall negative impacts for the various priority schemes considered. For the off-peak period, there are no apparent negative impacts, as there is more spare capacity to accommodate approaching transit vehicles at signalized intersections without significantly disrupting traffic operations.
It is also shown in this study that it is generally difficult to improve the system-wide performance by using transit priority when the signal is already optimized according to generally accepted traffic flow criteria. In this study it is also observed that the system-wide performance decreases rapidly when transit dwell time gets longer.
- Masters Theses