An Evaluation of Transit signal Priority and SCOOT Adaptive Signal control
|dc.description.abstract||Cities worldwide are faced with the challenge of improving transit service in urban areas using lower cost means. Transit signal priority is considered to be one of the most effective ways to improve the service of transit vehicles. Transit signal priority has become a very popular topic in transportation in the past 20 to 30 years and it has been implemented in many places around the world. In this thesis, transit signal priority strategies are categorized and an extensive literature review on past research on transit signal priority is conducted. Then a case study on Columbia Pike in Arlington (including 21 signalized intersections) is conducted to assess the impacts of integrating transit signal priority and SCOOT adaptive signal control. At the end of this thesis, an isolated intersection is designed to analyze the sensitivity of major parameters on performance of the network and transit vehicles.
The results of this study indicate that the prioritized vehicles usually benefit from any priority scheme considered. During the peak period, the simulations clearly indicate that these benefits are typically obtained at the expense of the general traffic. While buses experience reductions in delay, stops, fuel consumption, and emissions, the opposite typically occurs for the general traffic. Furthermore, since usually there are significantly more cars than buses, the negative impacts experienced by the general traffic during this period outweigh in most cases the benefits to the transit vehicles, thus yielding overall negative impacts for the various priority schemes considered. For the off-peak period, there are no apparent negative impacts, as there is more spare capacity to accommodate approaching transit vehicles at signalized intersections without significantly disrupting traffic operations.
It is also shown in this study that it is generally difficult to improve the system-wide performance by using transit priority when the signal is already optimized according to generally accepted traffic flow criteria. In this study it is also observed that the system-wide performance decreases rapidly when transit dwell time gets longer.
|dc.rights||I hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dissertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to Virginia Tech or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report.||en_US|
|dc.subject||Transit Signal Priority||en_US|
|dc.subject||intelligent transportation systems||en_US|
|dc.subject||Adaptive Signal Control||en_US|
|dc.title||An Evaluation of Transit signal Priority and SCOOT Adaptive Signal control||en_US|
|dc.description.degree||Master of Science||en_US|
|thesis.degree.name||Master of Science||en_US|
|thesis.degree.grantor||Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University||en_US|
|dc.contributor.committeechair||Rakha, Hesham Ahmed||en_US|
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