Limits of Permissible Damage in Strong-Post W-Beam Guardrail
MetadataShow full item record
Guardrails with rail and post deflection posed a risk of vehicle vaulting due to lowered rail height and failure of the posts to separate from the rails. This risk would be even greater for guardrails embedded in soft soils, which allow for greater deflection. Guardrails with missing posts frequently resulted in snagging of the vehicle tire on the downstream posts, as well as large increases in the tension carried by the rails during impact. Flattened rails posed a risk of vehicle rollover as they provided a ramp-like surface which caused the side of the vehicle to move upward, greatly increasing the change of override. Flattening also occurs frequently with other damage modes. Pre-existing separation of posts from the rails was found to have very little effect on the crash outcome. Separation of the posts from the rails was desirable as it prevented failure modes that were observed for the rail and post deflection simulations while maintaining the post contributions to lateral strength of the guardrail.
- Masters Theses