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Sensor Networks: Studies on the Variance of Estimation, Improving Event/Anomaly Detection, and Sensor Reduction Techniques Using Probabilistic Models
Sensor network performance is governed by the physical placement of sensors and their geometric relationship to the events they measure. To illustrate this, the entirety of this thesis covers the following interconnected subjects: 1) graphical analysis of the variance of the estimation error caused by physical characteristics of an acoustic target source and its geometric location relative to sensor arrays, 2) event/anomaly detection method for time aggregated point sensor data using a parametric Poisson distribution data model, 3) a sensor reduction or placement technique using Bellman optimal estimates of target agent dynamics and probabilistic training data (Goode, Chin, & Roan, 2011), and 4) transforming event monitoring point sensor data into event detection and classification of the direction of travel using a contextual, joint probability, causal relationship, sliding window, and geospatial intelligence (GEOINT) method.