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dc.contributor.authorRudi, Jetaen_US
dc.date.accessioned2014-03-14T20:41:33Z
dc.date.available2014-03-14T20:41:33Z
dc.date.issued2012-07-06en_US
dc.identifier.otheretd-07162012-113816en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10919/34034
dc.description.abstractThe first study investigates the factors that impact the duration of U.S. fresh fruit and vegetable imports. We employ both survival analysis (Kaplan Meier estimates and Cox proportional hazards model) as well as count data models. Our results indicate that SPS treatment requirements positively impact the duration of trade while new market access has the opposite effect. Other factors typically included in trade duration models (such as: GDP, transportation costs, tariff rates, etc.) were also investigated. We also employ a probit model to understand the factors impacting the probability that a country selects into exporting fresh fruits and vegetables to the United States. The second study estimates the goods-time elasticity of substitution for Food Stamp/SNAP participants versus non participants. We find that the elasticity of substitution for SNAP participants is not statistically different from zero. This indicates that SNAP participants have Leontief production function in household food production, implying that increasing the amount of SNAP benefits paid to participants will not lead to more food production if the time households dedicate to food preparation remains unchanged. This finding extends the analysis done by Baral, Davis and You (2011) and offers insights for policies related to the SNAP program.en_US
dc.publisherVirginia Techen_US
dc.relation.haspartRudi_J_T_2012.pdfen_US
dc.rightsI hereby certify that, if appropriate, I have obtained and attached hereto a written permission statement from the owner(s) of each third party copyrighted matter to be included in my thesis, dissertation, or project report, allowing distribution as specified below. I certify that the version I submitted is the same as that approved by my advisory committee. I hereby grant to Virginia Tech or its agents the non-exclusive license to archive and make accessible, under the conditions specified below, my thesis, dissertation, or project report in whole or in part in all forms of media, now or hereafter known. I retain all other ownership rights to the copyright of the thesis, dissertation or project report. I also retain the right to use in future works (such as articles or books) all or part of this thesis, dissertation, or project report.en_US
dc.subjectSupplemental Nutrition Assistance Programen_US
dc.subjectHousehold food productionen_US
dc.subjectElasticity of substitutionen_US
dc.subjectSurvival analysisen_US
dc.subjectTrade durationen_US
dc.subjectFresh fruits and vegetablesen_US
dc.titleTwo Applied Economics Essays: Trade Duration in U.S. Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Imports & Goods-Time Elasticity of Substitution in Household Food Production for SNAP participants and nonparticipantsen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
dc.contributor.departmentAgricultural and Applied Economicsen_US
dc.description.degreeMaster of Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.nameMaster of Scienceen_US
thesis.degree.levelmastersen_US
thesis.degree.grantorVirginia Polytechnic Institute and State Universityen_US
thesis.degree.disciplineAgricultural and Applied Economicsen_US
dc.contributor.committeememberDavis, George C.en_US
dc.contributor.committeememberPeterson, Everett B.en_US
dc.identifier.sourceurlhttp://scholar.lib.vt.edu/theses/available/etd-07162012-113816/en_US
dc.contributor.committeecochairGrant, Jason H.en_US
dc.contributor.committeecochairYou, Wenen_US
dc.date.sdate2012-07-16en_US
dc.date.rdate2012-08-08
dc.date.adate2012-08-08en_US


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