Modeling and Control of a Single-Phase, 10 kW Fuel Cell Inverter
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As the world's energy use continues to grow, the development of clean distributed generation becomes increasingly important. Fuel cells are an environmentally friendly renewable energy source that can be used in a wide range of applications and are ideal for distributed power applications. In this study, the power conversion element of a dual single-phase, 10 kW stand-alone fuel cell system is analyzed. The modular converter consists of a DC-DC front-end cascaded with a half-bridge inverter. The entire system is accurately modeled, to help determine any interactions that may arise. Control strategies based on simplicity, performance, and cost are evaluated. A simple voltage loop, with careful consideration to avoid transformer saturation, is employed for the phase-shifted DC-DC converter. Several experimental transfer functions were measured to confirm the modeling assumptions and verify the control design of the DC-DC converter. Two control options for the inverter are explored in detail, and experimental results confirm that the modulation index must be controlled to regulate the output voltage during various load conditions. The final system is implemented without the use of current sensors, thus keeping the inverter cost down. Experimental results using a power supply are given for resistive, inductive, and nonlinear loads and the performance is acceptable. Fuel cell test results, including transient response, are also displayed and analyzed.
- Masters Theses